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Metronom class 246 loco number 009 in Buxtehude, Germany


Manufacturer Bombardier Reference
Bombardier is the number one international manufacturer in the world for railroad rolling stock, mainly locomotives, multiple units and coaches. Strong orientation towards customer needs and advanced technological knowledge combined with extremely efficient manufacturing have pushed Bombardier ahead in the recent years. Bombardier also has a significant rebuilding business segment helping its customers to keep using their tried and well working locomotives and coaches.


Created for 4rail.net by John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo, Hannu Peltola, Gerry Putz, Peider SwissTrip and John McKey.




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Bombardier
is a worldwide manufacturer of railroad rolling stock for heavy professional uses. Famous product lines include TRAXX, Regina, Zefiro, ...

 

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Green Cargo Re Traxx locomotive number 1436 at Luleå, Sweden
MTAB ore train headed by IOREs 122 and 108 rolling by Narvik station, Norway

Bombardier Locomotives
Bombardier TRAXX locomotive line is world famous and the leading single electric locomotive type in numbers in Europe. For the moment generations 1, 2 and 3 exist in all variations:
-- AC electric locomotive with "last mile" diesel power unit.
-- AC (alternating current) electric locomotives, several types
-- DC (direct current) electric locomotive, several types
-- Single locomotive diesel version of TRAXX platform
-- Locomotive with several smaller diesels on TRAXX platform
Adding "packages", i.e. technical and train coltrol modules can eable these flexible locos to run almost anywhere.

In addition to this Bombardier also manufactures electric locos for extreme heavy use on its Octeon line. One example of this is the IORE locomotive for the Swedish and Norwegian northern ore trains.


  More on Bombardier Electric locomotives...

FS Bombardier built Fressiarossa 1000 at Innotrans 2014, Berlin, Germany
Gröna tåget of Sweden, a high speed testing platform for Bombardier


Bombardier High Speed and Other EMUs
Bombardier EMU selection is quite impressive. It manufactures many types suited to customer needs both in Central Europe and Nordic countries.

To fill the super high speed gap at the top of selection lots of testing of components and solutions was done on "Green train" (Gröna tåget) in Sweden and as a result a new Zefiro product line was born. Zefiros have so far been ordered to both high speed number one country China and now also in Italy, Europe. The Italian Zefiro is knwn as Fressiarossa 1000 and is seen on the left.

For more normal speeds of up to 200 km/h Bomabrdier manufactures EMUs in many countries, including Germany and France. Component manufacturing has spread even further. Some of the famous product lines include Regina, Regio 2N, Francilien, and Talent 2 EMUs along with TWINDEXX EMus.

  More on Bombardier EMUs...

Bombardier Monorail at Innotrans 2014, Berlin, Germany Bombardier Monorails
Monorails have had a new beginning and Bombardier wishes to be the number one player in this field. The monorail car to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia is one example, but these lines exist already in São Paulo, Brasiland Las Vegas, Nevada too. Bombardier monorail cars use advanced technologies that can be adapted to demanding conditions, like sand storm of Saudi Arabia, too.


  More on Bombardier Monorails...
FS Bombardier built Fressiarossa 1000 at Innotrans 2014, Berlin, Germany


Bombardier Joint Ventures
Bombardier has digested many smaller train builders, had and also today has joint ventures with other companies. The most recent of these is a cooperation on building the Fressiarossa 1000 super high speed EMUs with AnsaldoBreda, A-B opening the Italian train markets and adding capacity for Bombardier.

  More on Bombardier joint ventures...

Green Cargo class Rd2 number 1069 in Alvesta, Sweden

´Rebuilding Railroad Rolling Stock
What do you do when you own a sizable fleet of trustworthy but tired old locomotives: you call the Bombardier troops to disassemble those, fill in with the latest technology and put back to working order in a factory condition! This is what happened for example in Sweden for the T44s built to Tds and Rc2s built to Rd2s. It could happen again for operators not owning their own heavy locomotive works...

  More on Bombardier Rebuilding Programs...

Flutoget, Oslo airport, Norway Pre Bombardier Models
When Bombardier created its current form in Europe, it took over operations of a number of rail vehicle manufacturers. this way many by then struggling plants survived for a little longer. Because of this approach Bombardier today also provides many spare parts, refurbishings and occasionally even new unit building for many of its customers using older rolling stock. The Norwegian Flytoget Bm71 EMU on the left received a totally new car for added capacity as the trains were growing cramped with growing passenger numbers.

  More on Pre Bombardier EMUs...
   
   
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  Bombardier Electric Locomotives
  TRAXX Locomotive Platform
Crossrail, SBB Cargo and Captrain TRAXXes in Muttenz, Switzerland Green Cargo Re Traxx locomotives in Luleå, Sweden
BLS class 485 number 005 in passing Weil am Rhein in Germany

Bombardier is best known for its line of airliners and all kinds of railroad rolling stock.

In Europe the most common locomotive platform is called TRAXX. TRAXX is a highly modular design which can be adapted to just about any use in the heterogenous and always developing European railroading environment. The input voltage for the locomotives varies from one country to another and even within the country. For a true multiuse loco up to four of these can be added, and also four pantographs for the four different regions can be fitted on the roof. Inside there is room for a number of train control modules that might be needed on the way. The locomotive comes in as a pure electric loco, a diesel loco or a combination of these solving the "last mile / kilometer" issue. This kind of last mile loco can take the freight cars all the way to customer unelectrified siding without a need for a separate switcher engine. Also many depot rails are without catenary wires.

For a standard design like the TRAXX is the after market is working very well. Looks like the TRAXXes migrate quite a lot every year as the operator's business game evolves. Hiring TRAXXes is also quite usual for any shorter term use. All these has become reality with a standardized design.

The Bombardier also manufactures many heavier electric locomotives like IORE for LKAB in the far Nordic corner and Alp45DP which has been exported to U.S. both as electric and electric plus heavy diesel loco. Similar locos are in use today in China as well.

  More on TRAXX Locomotives...

Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo, Peider SwissTrip and John McKey.

Bombardier TRAXX3 class 187 unit 002 at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany
Deutsche Bahn class 185 loco number 141 withfreight curves in Wassen, Switzerland Metronom class 246 loco number 009 in Buxtehude, Germany
  Octeon Locomotive Platform
LKAB IORE number 124 in Torneträsk, Sweden


The most famous of the heavy duty Octeon platform are the IORE locomotives of the MTAB in the Swedish and Norwegian north.

The IORE locomotives haul northern Scandinavia rich magnetite and other minerals to the foundries and ports in Narvik, Norway and Luleå, Sweden. 29 IORE units are in daily use and 3 more in order to fulfill the world's growing need for raw materials.

If you are interested in the operations, companies and environment around these Europe's largest locos, you might find the following links helpful:

  Malmbana (Ore railway) in the north of Sweden and Norway...
  Bombardier IORE locos theme page...
  Visions Running with IOREs Page... Recommended reading
  Operations and operators on Malmbana...


MTAB IOREs 103 and 113 in Narvik, Norway

MTAB IORE units 116 and 126 at Vassijaure tunnel, Sweden

    IOREunit 124 lead string of empties has stopped at Torneträsk mountain station to wait for a cleat signal. The track east of here is climbing momentaruily aobut 3%. Picture by John McKey.

   IOREunit 113 has just lead the super heavy ore train through the mountains and is seen slowing down while crawling past the Narvik passenger station yard tracks. The ore cars are emptied here through the bottom hatches and the train is ready for the return leg. Picture by Gerry Putz.

  Here the IORE unit 116 followed by unit 126 and 68 fully loaded ore cars is appearing from the tunnel and snow shed in front of it. The location is behind the curve from Vassijaure, near the Swedish Norwegian border. Conditions can be here quite cold even in the summer (at the moment of the picture taking it was late spring elsewhere) soi there is little or no vegetation to be seen. Picture by John McKey.

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  Bombardier High Speed and other EMUs
Bombardier X52a test train number 9062

Bombardier Regina train sets are highly popular in the Nordic in Sweden. You can almost say that every community respecting itself owns a batch of these X50 - X54 class trains for its needs. It would appear these train can currently be found in over 15 differenct paints schemes!

With advanced design it was no wonder Bombardier decided to use one of these EMUs as a test bed for future Zefiro high speed trains. Extensive test were made during two years after which the train in the picture on the left was returned to its owner Transitio.




  Ilkka Siissalo was at the place top take a picture of the Transitio owned X52-2 number 9062 test bed train departing for another run.

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Västtrafik X52-2 number 9040 at Jönköping, Sweden

X50, X51, X52, X53 and X54 of Swedish operators
Regina is a very popular EMU type used on Swedish smaller regional routes. In the picture is a very typical 2 car train of Västtrafik, pictured here in Jönköping.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

X-tåget 9061 and 9045 in Gävle, Sweden Upptåget X52-2 number 9051 in Uppsala, Sweden
SJ X55 unit 3347/8 in Gävle, Sweden


X55 of SJ
The newest Regina type train is the X55 of SJ in Sweden. The attractive silvery train is upgradable to 250 km/h, but currently runs only 200 km/h, so we might still call it semihighspeed train.

The X55 have replaced some of the X2000 units on north of Stockholm routes from the early year 2012.

 

SJ X55 unit 3347/8 in Gävle, Sweden

SJ X55 on test drive in Linköping, Sweden

   
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  Pre Bombardier EMUs
NSB Bm73b in red, Oslo, Norway

Bombardier also took over supplying parts for "fallen flags" manufacturers and has taken in use some of their technologies. For some units like the BM73 EMU Bombardier later also has manufactured new coaches, etc.

  Here the Bm74b, a sister model of the Bm73 is seen at Oslo center between assignments.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

NSB Bm73 in blue and Flytoget Bm71, Oslo, Norway

 

 

   
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  Pre Bombardier Variotram Trams in Helsinki, Finland
Variotram of Helsinki, Finland

Adtranz built a batch of troublesome fixed bogie Variotrams for Helsinki, Finland. These trams had severe availability problems for their first years due to their incompatibility with the landscape and geometry of track in Helsinki. The almost brand new trams evens started to fall apart because of structural weaknesses.

Then Bombardier took over the maintenance from the city of Helsinki, availability problems are mostly gone as are structural problems. However, the next generation of Helsinki trams are going to have a real turning bogie instead of a fixed one under Variotram.

Picture by John McKey.

 

 

 

   
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Rebuilding Railroad Rolling Stock

  Rd2 of Green Cargo in Sweden
Green Cargo class Rd2 number 1069 in Alvesta, Sweden


Bombardier also has a large scale locomotive and train rebuilding business. One example of these is the Swedish class Rd locomotives, rebuilt from the much used Rc2 locos to a new condition.

  More on Rc and Rd Locomotives of Nordic...


Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

 

 

   
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  Td of Green Cargo in Sweden
A rebuilt Green Cargo Td number 416 at Tomteboda being towed, Sweden


Refurbishing of Green Cargo T44s to class Td locomotives
Another major refurbishing project for Bombardier's was the work done to T44 locomotives to extend their life and build them to class Td. 62 of the Green Cargo T44 locomotives were built in the first batch.


  An picture from Tomteboda (English: an Elf Village) in Stockholm shows one of the first units number 416 having been built to class Td.

Picture by Hannu Peltola.

 

 

 

 

 

  A sister locomotive Green Cargo Td 409 is another early convert and is seen here in Sweden at an unknown location.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

A brand new rebuilt Green Cargo TD number 409, Swedenq
GC Td number 361 is switching at the Luleå old harbor, Sweden

GC Td number 361 is switching at the Luleå old harbor, Sweden

   
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Some older material:


  Bombardier
Bombardier TRAXX3 class 187 unit 002 at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany Bombardier TRAXX3 class 187 unit 002 at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany
BLS class 485 number 005 in passing Weil am Rhein in Germany

Bombardier is best known for its line of airliners and all kinds of railroad rolling stock. These include electric, hybrid and diesel locomotives, railroad coaches, EMUs and DMUs.

In Europe the most common locomotive platform is called TRAXX. TRAXX is a modular design which can be adapted to just about any use in the heterogenous European railroading environment. The input voltage for the locomotives varies from one country to another and even within the country. For a true multiuse loco up to four of these can be added, and also four pantographs for the four different overhead wire technical regions can be fitted on the roof. The locomotive comes in as a pure electric loco, a diesel loco or a combination of these solving the "last mile" / "last kilometer" issue. This kind of last mile loco can take the freight cars all the way to customer's unelectrified siding without a need for a separate switcher engine. Also many depot rails are without overhead wires.

Bombardier also manufactures many heavier electric locomotives like IORE for LKAB / MTAB in the far Nordic corner and Alp45DP which has been exported to U.S. both as electric and electric plus heavy diesel loco. Similar locos are in use today in China as well.

  More on Bombardier and its products...

LKAB IORE number 124 in Torneträsk, Sweden


The IORE locomotives haul the northern Scandinavia rich magnetite and other minerals to the foundries and Narvik, Norway and Luleå, Sweden harbors for loading to the ships. 26 units are in daily use and 6 more in order to fulfill the world's growing need for raw materials. These are the very heaviest locos in the whole of Europe, Eastern side included.

If you are interested in the operations, companies and environment around these Europe's largest locos, you might find the following links helpful:

Green Cargo class Rd2 number 1069 in Alvesta, Sweden


Bombardier also has a large scale locomotive and train rebuilding business. One example of these is the Swedish class Rd locomotives, rebuilt from the much used Rc2 locos to better than new condition.

Another example is the Swedish T44 loco, of which Bombardier has been building numerous to class Td for the operator Green Cargo.


  More on subject on Bombardier manufacturer page...

Bombardier X52a test train number 9062

Bombardier Regina train sets are highly popular in the Nordic in Sweden. You can almost say that every community respecting itself owns a batch of these X50 class trains for its needs.

With advanced design it was no wonder Bombardier decided to use one of these as a test bed for future Zefiro high speed trains components. Extensive test were made during two years after which the train in the picture on the left was returned to its owner Transitio.

As the Transition train is a "Green Train" Bombardier is starting a new program with it. Now the unit is used for ECO4 program, meaning Energy, Effectivity, Economy and Ecology, all extremely important to any train operator. It looks like the tests again will be conducted in highly developed Sweden.

SJ X55 in Gävle, Sweden  
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© 4rail.net Railroad Reference 2004 - 2014   -   Created 18.12.2011 John McKey, Updated 11.11.2014