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LKAB IORE number 124 in Torneträsk, Sweden

A drawing of the Velaro-D DB class 407 in use arriving at station

Siemens mobility class 193 Vectron number 923 in a bitter winter weather in Kiruna, Northern Sweden

Siemens Mobility ACS64 in tests for Amtrak at Pueblo test center in Colorado, U.S.A.

Desiro-RUS "Lastochka" at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany

DB ICE3 class 403 unit 554 with football vinyls stopping in Köln, Germany

Railroad Equipment Manufacturers
Welcome to Manufacturers Reference Page! Please pick the manufacturer or train family below, or just read on the page.

Bombardier * Siemens Mobility * GE Transportation * Regional European Manufacturers * Alstom * CAF * Skoda Transportation * Other Regional Manufacturers * Some Local Rolling Stock Manufacturers * Fallen Flags in Manufacturing * RR Component Manufacturers *

The three dominant world wide manufacturers are the Siemens Mobility, Bombardier Transportation and GE Transportation. These manufacturers have successful products for numerous categories, often including the refurbishing of the locomotives and multiple units and component deliveries to smaller manufacturers.

These players are constantly challenged by a number of smaller more or less international companies like Alstom, CAF, EMD, General Electric, Stadler Rail, Talgo, Vossloh, Voith, Chinese and Japanese manufacturers to name a few. Of these Stadler Rail AG has been growing rapidly, both in sales and market share.

In addition to the above, there are numerous component manufacturers serving the above customers plus sometimes trying to enter end products markets themselves too. An example of this kind of approach is Voith of Germany. Known for manufacturing diesel-hydraulic components they tried a diesel locomotives product line of their own, with limited success.

Siemens Mobility
The largest truly world wide manufacturer of the rail vehicles is Siemens Mobility through its network of daughter companies, cooperations and subcontractors. Siemens has products for all market segments as long as the word "traction" is involved, often supplemented with the words "high tech".

The most famous Siemens products are undoubtedly its super high speed Inter City Express and Velaro trains found in just about every corner of the earth. For the locomotives Siemens offers a large product portfolio. Locomotives are often built aroudn the framework of modular Vectron design. An example of this is its U.S. cousin ACS64 for Amtrak. Siemens also manufacturs a line of EMUs and DMUs for all market segments.

In Russia and much of Europe the most famous locomotive today seems to be the Siemens-Sinara cooperative built "Granit", a powerful double or triple loco for pulling up to 9000 metric ton trains across the Ural mountains. Another example of the successful cooperation in the East is manufacturing of several hundred Desiro ML RUS EMUs.

  More on Siemens Mobility and its products...



Created for by John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo, Sanna Siissalo, Gerry Putz, Peider SwissTrip, Hannu Peltola, Timo-Jussi Hämäläinen and John McKey.

Also in this sectionRailjet in AustriaSiemens AG Mobility page provides knowledge of many state of the art Siemens manufactured EMUs and Locomotives.

BLS brand new class 486 loco number 503 with mixed freight in Effingen, Switzerland
Bombardier is a worldwide manufacturer of railroad rolling stock for heavy professional uses. Famous product lines include TRAXX, Regina, Zefiro, ...

NSB Bm74 number 503 and SBB class 522 number 202 in Rorschach, Switzerland
Stadler Rail is a large Swiss manufacturer best known for its large selection of highly popular EMUs and DMUs.


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Bombardier TRAXX3 class 187 unit 002 at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany

Metronom class 246 loco number 009 in Buxtehude, Germany

DB class 146.1 loco at Bremen Hauptbahnhof, Germany

Bombardier is a large international manufacturer known best for its rail vehicles and airplanes. Vehicles to different markets are typically manufactured locally in most cases while the most demanding implementations often seem to come from Bombardier Kassel works.

The product portfolio ranges from the Zefiro super high speed trains to freight diesels and local EMUs to passenger coaches. In Europe you can find Bombardier TRAXX locomotive family members _anywhere_ where the gauge is 1435 mm. In U.S. the double decked Bombardier coaches are market leaders suited for local needs and built in the U.S. For the harsh North European climate Bombardier offers Regina EMU family. These are used mostly in demanding fast tilting train regional traffic. For the same area heavy Octeon platform IORE electric locomotives serve in most demanding arctic conditions.

The super high speed and high speed segments are covered with Reginas and now also Zefiros in China and Italy.

  More on Bombardier and its products...



BNSF ES44 number 7777 leading a mixed freight, Southwest U.S.A.

General Electric power  haul locomotive at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany

General Electric Transportation
GE Transportation is a locomotive division of one of the largest companies in World. Although the designs split views, the engineering and durability has always been one of the keys to success for the company. GE also has numerous full maintenance contracts with its customers. One of the interesting feature of many locomotives is their ability for self diagnoses, self repair and if that is not successful they can order service and parts to next larger stop with maintenaance facilites. Quite clearly this is a very decisive factor for success for both manufacturer and its customers.

In North America GE has a dominant market position. In Australia, South American countries and countries like Kazachstan GE is well present. Success has been much less decisive in both Western and Eastern Europe, for now. Partly this can be blamed with the total absense of European design taste for GE products.

  More on GE Transportation and its products...

Stadler Flirt3 EMU for Serbia, Innotrans 2014, Berlin, Germany

Vossloh UK light class 68 at Innotrans 2014, Berlin, Germany

The three largest manufacturers are constantly challenged by a number of smaller, yet often very large volume manufacturers. These include, but are not limited to: Alstom, CAF, EMD, General Electric, Stadler Rail, Talgo, Vossloh, Voith, Chinese and Japanese manufacturer. We will create an own page for some of these later on.

  More on Stadler Rail AG and its products...

More on CAF and its products...

  More on Alstom of France and its products...
  More on EMD-Caterpillar and its products...
  More on Sinara Group and its products...
  More on Vossloh and its products...

VR Transpoint Dr35 number 006 in Hamina, Finland

Some Local Rolling Stock Manufacturers
Numerous quite strong local rolling stock manufacturers exist too in the shadows of the larger ones. Typically these are concentrating on a niche product portfolio and actively developing these segments. Many had histories as much larger works at the time when localized rail indsutry still ruled.

  Examples of this group are many: Kiruna Wagon, Kockums, TMH / Transmasholding, Steelwheel, Transtech, ...

Hectorrail class 141 numbers 002 in Hallsberg, Sweden

Fallen Flags in Manufacturers

In competitive and political environment the bankruptcies, running out of orders and restructuring happen relatively often. This part will later focus on these.

  If you look at the North Europe alone, companies like ABB, Alco, ASEA, Lokomo, Nohab, SGP and Valmet belong to this group, some after building almost 10'000 vehicles.

Tågkraft TMY M number 1111 i Solna Sverige

Component Manufacturers
Many companies also manufacture components to use on railroads and railroad rolling stock. Some of these even manufacture or remanufacture the most usual larger components to be replaced like prime movers for diesels. Companies like Caterpillar, MTU and Vartsila supply these.

  On the left a Tågab TMYM from Sweden, the unit is reengined with an MTU diesel. While it according to personnel does not sound anything like the big EMD sound earlier, the locomotive is even more powerful.

  Another component solution seen here is a hybrid powerpack for Siemens Desiro DMU. Now the multiple unit can reuse some of the braking energy, something that can make a big difference in operating economy of the train company.

Hybrid Desiro prototype of Westfrankenbahn, Germany
Desiro-RUS "Lastochka" at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany

Russian Railroad Manufacturers
Russia has been in the middle of a railroad modernization for years, along with the society as a whole. While impressive "press projects" have been accomplished many times earlier years, the large scale manufacturing is has started last four years. One of the obstacles was said to have been the money, which is a little hard to believe of a country with abundant oil, gas, all kinds of minerals and other natural resources for exports. Now Siemens-Sinara / Ural Locomotives seems to have taken the initiative in the new building with its EMUs and electric locos manufactured in mass scale. Results are showing and they are impressive!

For this segment we will later provide a page including Transmasholding, NEVZ and Siemens-Sinara, Ural Locomotives plus possibly some more players.

  More on Russian railroad manufacturers...

BNSF ES44 number 7777 leading a mixed freight, Southwest U.S.A.
Amtrak P32 number 509 with Talgo coaching in Seattle, Washington

North American Manufacturers
North America is the most developed rail environment in freight and business use of rails. This also means that there are many large manufacturers like General Electric and Caterpillar-EMD. The two most visible manufacturers in North America. In addition to these there are also a bunch of others like MPI, NRE and Bombardier, each specializing in their strong areas.

GE is the leading manufacturer for the time and has acquired a dominant market share with its policy of providing an exceptionally good customer care for after sales.

  More on North American Manufacturers...

Hikari Rail Star Japanese Manufacturers
We all know Japan for Shinkansen trains and the country's interesting designs for its narrow gauge networks. The success on the closed Japanese markets has been quaranteed, but also abroad the product development made in the Japanese home turf now carries some fruit. One of the good examples is the deliveries for the U.K. passenger operators. With limited success in U.K. Japanese Hiotachi is also now using its own production plant in U.K.

CRH2 EMUs at Tianjin, China Chinese Manufacturers
China has bought a huge amount of technology in several sectors during the last decades. One of these sectors is railroad rolling stock, where the country is now in process of implementing this technology itself and perfecting it to local use and even exports. For China itself it is miraculous how such a well working super high speed train fleet with rail network can be built from scratch is such a short time! Some of the most famous Chinese manufacturers are China CNR Corp and CSR Corp (merging soon).

Korean Manufacturers
Much less known but quite successful both technologically and in their sales to developing countries are the Korean manufacturers. The story is again the same: with arduous long time product development and some bought technologies the industrious nation has made steady progress. Especailly interesting are high speed and maglev technologies.

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 Regional European Manufacturers in Alphabetical Order
SNCF TGV-2N2 unit 813 at Nice Ville, FranceCAF Oaris prototype in Renfe colors, SpainSkoda manufactured Czech class 381 at Innotrans, Berlin, Germany

* CAF * Skoda *
Regional here means that a company is concentrating mainly on its home market or nearby countries. The list order is always changing as companies seek for new markets and others fall back. Some markets maybe in the process of maturing while others are only just developing. This section is regularly updated to reflect these changes.




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  CAF - Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles

CAF Oaris prototype in Renfe colors, Spain
HKL Metro M300, Helsinki, Finland

VR Sm4 unit 6325/6425 in Tikkurila, Vantaa, Finland

CAF, short for Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, is one of the two stronger Spanish train manufacturers (other being Talgo). CAF manufactures rail vehicles with its strong engineering skills and well known design. In some cases vehicles turn out to be manufactured also at other brands production lines.

Current production includes all classes of EMUs from high speed to local use, metros and trams. Current CAF production share many of the components, regardless of the use. For example, you can easily pics the same quality train lights from all the newest vehicles. This modularity helps both customer and manufacturer as spare parts are both abundant and relatively inexpensive.

One of the interesting features of CAF is that company has been quite active delivering products to Nordic countries too, these are countries with extremely demanding climates: CAF Oaris to Flytoget of Norway, Metro M400 to Helsinki, Finland and trams to SL of Stockholm, Sweden are some of the latest. Basically, if you can make your product work in damp and frezing weather of these countries, and in the summer in hot temperatures, it will work anywhere. Expect to see lots of CAF products in use all around Europe!

   Oaris is the latest product being developed by CAF for high speed solutions. Being offered to Worldwide marker the first customer outside Spain will be Flytoget of Norway. Oaris EMUs will be used for traffic between Dramme, Oslo and Gardemoen airport serving area. These trains should be in traffic by 2017, when a new terminal opens. Flytoget also has ambitions for extending its traffic slightly outside core route, so addtional capacity will be needed.

  Helsingin Metroliikenne based in Helsinki, Finland has just received first of the M300 units manufactured by CAF in spain. As Metro is being extended, these 4 module units will add much needed capacity from year 2016 with line extension. For the first time passengers will be able to walk through all 4 units in Helsinki metro making finding a vacant seat much more convenient than hopping between cars at the stations.

   An example of CAF design skills, the VR-Yhtymä owned and operated Sm4 unit 6325-6425 makes a stop in Tikkurila on a cold winter day. These EMUs are used on regional traffic in Southern Finland where they see a lot of running in cold, ice and snow, in any kind of weather. With a huge Spanish-Finnish loading gauge used and well behaving suspension on higher speeds these EMUs are quiet and comfortable to passengers. Typical Spanish design showns well on the sloping nose.

Class Sm4 is also an example of well working cooperation between different manufacturer's production lines, as all units were produced either at Fiat-Ferroviaria or Alstom.

  Renfe class 598 also showns a typical Spanish design. Here the DMU is stopping at Santiago de Compostela, Spain.



Renfe class 598 EMU, Santioago de Compostela, Spain


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TGVs at Paris Gare du Nord, France

SNCF BB 27300 number 27360 at Paris Gare Saint-Lazare, France

RZD EP20 number 005 in Vainikkala, Finland

Amtrak HHP8 number 651 at Princeton Junction, New Jersey, U.S.A.

NTV .italo ETR-575 number 07, Italy

SNCF TGV-2N2 unit 813 at Nice Ville, France

The famed French manufacturer Alstom excelled in 1980s with the creation of current line of TGV super high speed trains. Since then TGV sales have been somewhat weaker taking Alstom away from the World limelights. However, it still is known as a substantial multiple unit builder for almost solely French operators. This alone will create several hundred units per year sales.

Other interesting models by Alstom are AGV super high speed EMUs now operating under NTV in Italy, and Pendolino EMUs through Alstom buying Fiat Ferroviaria a few years ago. Pendolinos, both tilting and nontilting high speed units, have in recent years been quite successfull in sales all over Europe. We are not to forget a strong tram building sector of Alstom inside France. By now well over thousand Citadis trams have been manufactured, most to specially tailored ends according to local tastes and standard middle modules. To Central Europe Alstom also manufactures (not too common) Coradia / Coradia Continental EMUs and to Nordic countries Coradia Nordic family of EMUs. In Sweden Coradia Nordic has been very successfull in sales, though not always technically.

  SNCF (French National Railways) is byt far the largest customer for Alstom (of France). Above the latest model of famous TGV trains, a TGV-2N2 unit 813 is making a stop at Nice Ville of azur colored French Riviera. To add capacity to already impressive double decked unit, behind it is coupled another double decker.

   Classic TGV looks with Thalys-PBKA (TGV-Réseau type) and two SNCF TGV-PSE EMUs at their terminal station Gare du Nord in Paris. Picture by Sanna Siissalo.

   Local Parisian trains were classically often run by locomotives, some still are. Here the class BB 27300 number 27360 is coupled to typical double decked coaches awaiting for departure time at Paris Gare du Nord.

  French and Russians already had warm relation at the age of Zhar, so it is only logical that Alstom has worked with Transmasholding to produce this powerful state of art Bo'Bo'Bo' electric locomotive. For added traction on high speed use Ep20 uses 6 axles in three groups.

  Alstom was also active rebuilding some Aem7 units to AC use in late 1990s. At the same time it delivered 15 HHP8 electric locomotives, reliability of which has always been much less than desired. Thus, further deals of Amtrak from France were nonexistent. Picture by Gerry Putz.

   Newest in super high speed, Alstom researched EMUs, where power was divided to several bogies instead on end locomotives, in the traditional TGV fashion. As a result of arduous research for several years AGV was created. Automotrice de Grande Vitesse is despite its unusual looks quite ordinary mean super high speed electric multiple unit, if anything ordinary in this class can exist.

  Acquired year 2000, Fiat Ferroviarias Pendolino product line has also became important for Alstom: this is just about the only Alstom train type selling also internationally. Below an example of the latest tilting Pendolino, an ETR-610 aka RABe 503 of SBB, seen in Zürich, Switzerland. SBB has already acquired a third batch of these trains to cope with its growing high speed traffic. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

SBB ETR-610, Zürich, Switzerland

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Skoda manufactured Czech class 381 at Innotrans, Berlin, Germany

HKL Transtech built "Artic" tram 401 in Koskela, Helsinki, Finland

Skoda transporation has long roots from 1859 in train vehicle building. Company even survived the Soviet period with aggressive marketing and continues now locomotive, multiple unit, metro, tram and bus building in Czech Republic. In Finland Skoda acquired in 2015 60% share of the national train builder Transtech, and continues with their product lines too. Skoda has recently also been very active in biyearly Innotrans Fair.


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  Regional European Manufacturers in Alphabetical Order
Bombardier Zefiro mock up at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany
Ansaldo-Breda is one of the newer manufacturers with high ambitions. Product portfolio has i.e. IC4 trains for Danish DSB + high speed Albatross V20 trains for Belgium/Netherlands. There are discussions about Ansaldobreda's and Bombardier's fusion, the companies could together create super high speed rolling stock for the emerging markets in Europe, China, U.S. and Russia. Ansaldo-Breda also sells it's products worldwide.

Talgo Avril at Innotrans 2012, Berlin, Germany

Talgo from Spain is best known for being talented and innovative manufacturer of special made lightweight coaches. These coaches can be found on most continents and Talgo has also been able to attract new customers lately.

Another interesting product line are the high speed trains. Most of these have a nose of the duck-bill shape, making them both technologically high tech and interesting to see.

  On the left one of the latest Talgo product: The Avril super high speed train can reach speeds of up to 380 km/h (236 mph). For the moment the train is running test runs for the future customers.

   One of the recent large customers has been Kazachstan railways, where large Talgo trains provide most modern transportation for the country's vast railway network.

  Below a Talgo formation for the Cascades mountain range in U.S. The picture was taken in Seattle, Washington.

Kazachstan Railways Talgo Coaches, Vainikkala, Finland Amtrak P32 number 509 with Talgo coaching in Seattle, Washington
Destia Railbear 300 number 90901 in Joensuu, Finland

Teräspyörä / Steelwheel
Steelwheel and its predecessor Saalasti are well known for purspose built adapted solution for railroading niche areas. Most of the equipment today is engineered for use by either large industrial operators or maintenance of the way companies.

The Railbear 330 on the left is just one example of the interesting product portfolio.

/// The most common sold articles today seems to be robot bears, by which the company means various quite strong remote controlled locomotives, without or with a cab. The vacuuming unit of Sweden are also from Saalasti.

The factory is located in Kuusankoski, just a stones throw North of Kouvola in Southern Finland.

VR Transpoint Dr35 number 006 in Hamina, Finland  
Voith Gravita 15L BB at Innotrans 2012 fair

Voith used to be a diesel-hydraulic component manufacturer only, but after several decades of operations has now taken quite successful steps for a diesel-hydraulic loco builder. So far the locomotives have been sold in numbers to Germany and Sweden. In both places they see a lot of heavy duty action.



Voith Gravita 15L BB at Innotrans 2012 fair

Deutsche Bahn 261 Gravita at Maschen, Germany
Vossloh Eurolight diesel at Innotrans 2012 fair

Vossloh AG

Vossloh is one of the traditional large diesel locomotive manufacturers with turnover around 1,5 billion euros. Assembly lines are located in Northern Germany and Spain. The German assembly lines seem to output steadily mainly 1000 - 1200 kW diesel hydraulic and diesel electric road switcher / switcher type locomotives.

The Spanish operation is famous for huge diesel-electric road diesels that seem to be quite popular in Europe. The design of these machines divides opinions, though basically they share the highly popular shape modernized where Nohab of Sweden left these several decades ago (though the companies obviously have no connection). Unlike competition from the EMD itself, Electro-Motive supplies the technology inside these beasts, the crew conditions are quite good. This can be seen as one reason why these locomotives have become so popular replacing the older and less formidable sheds (class 66).

At Innotrans 2012 Vossloh also showed many other innovative product lines besides diesel locomotives.

CargoNet class 312 in northern Norway
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  Regional North American Manufacturers in Alphabetical Order

Above a typical North American passenger locomotive for today, the EMD F59PHI for the Amtrak California.
Below: One of the heard of once thousands of EMD SD40-2s in the North America. Pictures by John McKey.

EMD - Electro Motive Division (part of Caterpillar)
The second largest manufacturer in the U.S. market the EMD has been very successful in many export markets as well. The EMD was a dominant builder in the 5 first decades of diesel production. The challenge from the GE using a clever product life cycle portfolio led to almost total loosing of the markets in the next 3 decades, furthermore aided by constant troubles on the EMD engine, electrical and carelessness of the crew comfort issues.

After EMD regained its independence from GM in early 2000s the most successful models in the North American markets have been the SD70ACe and SD70M-2. For the export markets EMD has produced the very successful Class66 (JT42CWR / JT42CWRM) locomotives, which is now to replaced by a newer model. At the same time London, Ontario plant has is closing following the fate of the famous La Grande plant, that served the company during its heyday. Caterpillar as a new owner has supplied many older diesels with its new refurbishing, latest technology main engine, electronics and cooling modules. This gives additional decades for many classic road locomotives and gives something interesting to see for the rail pros and railfans.

General Electric
GE, the largest corporation in the world, has a railroad division as well. The most known products for this area are its North American diesel electric locomotives. These locomotives have gained a dominant market share on their home market during the last 3 decades, quite an achievement from a relative newcomer in the field! With US market falling in 2009-2010 for all players the GE foresaw this and managed to sell several hundred locomotives of its older model (nothing wrong with it, just the emissions are a bit (not much) different) to China and to ex. Soviet countries. There is also a demand in Russia to modernize aging fleet of M62s, and the GE has been keen on trying to enter this huge market as well. For the next generation GE is developing hybrid locomotive, which was supposed to enter road testing phase sometime in 2010, but so far has insistently refused to show up. The technology is there, but is the demand?

Previous Generation (export markets, second hand U.S. markets): AC44i, AC4400, C44-9W
Current Generation (US market): ES44AC, ES44DC
Next Generation (all markets): Hybrid locomotive, probably on a different platform from the previous, since the current model has little room for batteries.

Metra MP36PHI-3C number 419, downtown Chicago, U.S.A.
MPI, Motive Power Inc.
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  Fallen Flag Manufacturers
SJ Rc3 number 1062 in Årsta, Stockholm, Sweden

ASEA, Sweden
ASEA AB (Allmänna Svenska Elektriska Aktiebolaget) was a midsized Swedish manufacturer especially for electric locomotives and EMUs. Company was known for the high quality standards and robust designs so it became an icon with products outside Sweden imported or used in Norway and Denmark, Austria, Romania and U.S.A., even China.

In 1988 ASEA merged with Swiss BBC, Brown, Boveri & Cie, and the companies bacame known as ABB. Ten years later the rolling stock manufacturing in Sweden ceased and the story of the legendary train builder ASEA ended.

  The Rc electric locomotive line became world famous for their durability and high quality. Some have already served several decades and almost all are still in use. On the left one of the RC3 locomotives of SJ to be sold in 2014 for the other operators.

VR-Yhtyma Sm1 unit 6035/6235 in Pasila, Finland Valmet, Finland

This section will include all too many manufacturers as the railroad rolling stock manufacturing is as complex as life itself.

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 Fallen Flag Manufacturer Transtech
VR-Yhtymä class Ed number 26068 IC2 coach in Turku, Finland
Transtech, now part of Skoda

Transtech Oy was a medium sized Finnish manufacturer for mainly coaching stock, trams and special equipment. The IC2 coaches in use and being readied for the moment on the production line have many variations ranging from Extra / Business class and 2nd class day coaches to double decked sleepers. There were also double decked driving trailers and restaurant cars arriving in 2014.

The last expansion of the product line of Transtech was for the trams of Helsinki, the capital of Finland. The previous Adtranz manufactured low floored trams, although modern, have been there a great disappointment, so the city of Helsinki decided to go forward with the manufacturer known to be able to manufacture trams being able to run often steep curves of Helsinki.

It will be interesting to see what new forms of operation will Skoda bring here.
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© Railroad Reference 2004 - 2015   -   Created 2008 John McKey, Ilkka Siissalo, Refurbished 18.10.2011 John McKey, Updated 27.11.2015