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Electric Multiple Units in Denmark


Created for 4rail.net by Ilkka Siissalo and John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo and John McKey.




Also in this section
DSB class EA in Copenhagen, Denmark
Denmark electric locomotives page gives you information on the many types and classes in use here!

Class ME number 1536 in Nyköping, Denmark
Country relies heavily on diesel power also has had a number of interesting and often quite unique heavy diesel locomotives.

DSB class MF number 5211 in Copenhagen, DenmarkDenmark has some legendary DMUs, in multiple meanings, take a look at these!




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DSB S-tog SA number 8174 in Copenhagen, Denmark

The EMUs used in Denmark are often almost unique, built for the conditions in the country, so this page might prove to be especially interesting reading for you. In the future even more EMU types will be found in Denmark, undoubtedly many are unusual and worth taking a closer look!



 IR4 * SA * SE * X31K / ET *
 DSB
DSB class ER in Copenhagen, Denmark Class IR4 (ER+FR+FR+ER) of DSB
Classic IR4 rubber headed EMUs handle much of the intercity traffic. They are often coupoled together with their DMU look alikes.

Units built by ABB Scandia: 44 (43 in use)
Unit numbers: 2001–2044 (power module)
Maximum allowed speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)
Capacity: 227, 1st 24 and 203 in 2nd class
Electrical systems: overhead electricity 25 kV 50 Hz, 1680 kW (2253 hp)
Usage: DSB Intercity service inside Denmark


  
Detailed information on DSB class IR4...
 DSB S-tog

DSB S-tog class SA number 9190 stopping at Copenhagen central on service C, Denmark

DSB S-tog SA inside, Copenhagen, Denmark

Class SA of DSB S-tog (SA-SB-SC-SD-SD-SC-SB-SA)
This interesting and unusual (once you start looking) EMU runs frequently through Copenhagen center servicing suburbs.

Units built by Alstom & Siemens: 105 (104 in use), 1996 - 2007
Unit numbers: 8101...9905 (all modules have own numbers)
Maximum allowed speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
Capacity
: 312+28 seated, 360 standees
Electrical systems: overhead electricity 25 kV 50 Hz, 1720 kW (2310 hp)
Usage: DSB S-tog Copenhagen local service


  Detailed information on DSB S-tog class SA...


  Class SE of DSB S-tog
S-Tog of Copenhagen also uses class SE for local traffic. This is basically similar EMU to class SA, but just with 4 modules.

 Öresundståget
Öresundståget X31 number 4391 in Copenhagen, Denmark Class ET (X31K/X32K/ET) of the Öresundståget
Another rubber headed EMU many units in fleet are capable of international running between Denamrk and Sweden.

Units built by Bombardier/Adtranz
: 111, 2000 - 2012
Unit numbers: 4301...4811 (all modules have own numbers)
Maximum allowed speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)
Capacity: 229, 1st 20 and 178+31 in 2nd class
Electrical systems: overhead electricity 25 kV 50 Hz and 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 2300 kW (3085 hp)
Usage
: Long-medium distance and international services


  Detailed information on class ET/X31K...
    - - - Discuss Page at trainorders.com - - -

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DSB

  Class IR4 (ER+FR+FR+ER ) EMUs of DSB    

DSB IR4 in Odense, Denmark


DSB class ER in Copenhagen, Denmark

DSB class ER in Copenhagen, Denmark

Denmark is well known for the overwhelming majority of multiple units being rubber headed, something that also serves as their main spotting feature. These multiple units come in diesel and electric format, the electric version being classified as IR4. Each train consists of four modules: end module ER + coach FR + coach FR + end module ER. On routes for example from Copenhagen to Odense and beyond you see electric units coupled together with diesel ones as electrified lines in Denmark are more limited than in Western Europe in general.



Easy Recognition for class IR4 of DSB
-> Rubber headed electrical unit
-> 4 modules
-> End module number series in 2xxx
-> Can be seen on most main routes


Technical Info for class IR4 of DSB

-> Type: electric multiple unit
-> Danish class: IR4 (ER+FR+FR+ER)  
-> Usage: regional and interregional fast transportation 
-> Builder: ABB Scandia > Bombardier    
-> Operator and owner: DSB of Denmark
-> Production dates: 1993-1995, 1997 
-> Numbers built: 44, 43 in traffic
-> Number series: 2001 - 2344 (ER 20xx + FR 22xx + FR 23xx + ER21xx)

-> Seats: 1st class 24, 2nd class 183
   -- 1st ER: 1st class 24, 2nd class 27
   -- FR: 2nd class 52
   -- 2nd ER: 2nd class 52

-> Energy Source
: overhead electricity, 25kV 50 Hz AC
-> Track motors
: ABB asyncronous AC  
-> Power output
: 4 x 420 kW > 1680 kW (2255 Hp)
-> Tractive Effort: unknown 
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): unknown   
-> Multiple drive
: up to 3 - 4 units
-> Wheel arrangement: Bo'2'+2'+2'Bo' (4 modules)


-> Maximum operational speed: 180 km/h (112 mph) 

-> Length: 76,6 m
-> Width: 3,1 m
-> Height: 3,85 m
-> Weight: 133 metric tons (293,200 lbs)
-> Gauge: 1435 mm

-> Couplers: Scharfenberg
-> Train control: Danish ATC

-> Special:
-- can be run (and runs) mixed with class IC3 diesel units

  IR4 EMU with module 2021 in lead is just leaving West from Odense station on the centermost island of Denmark. These electric trains can be mixed and matched with DMU IC3 units, which look very much the same so when spotting trains, pay attention to pantograps and smoke stacks! Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

  and IR4 lead by end coach 2105 is beoarding passengers at Copenhagen Central on a cold winter day. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo.

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DSB S-tog

  Class SA (SA-SB-SC-SD-SD-SC-SB-SA) EMUs of DSB S-tog    

DSB S-tog class SA number 9190 stopping at Copenhagen central on service C, Denmark

DSB S-tog class SA bike coach, Copenhagen central, Denmark

DSB S-tog SA number 8174 in Copenhagen, Denmark

DSB S-tog class SA in Koege, Denmark

DSB S-tog class SA number 9190 stopping at Copenhagen central on service C, Denmark

DSB S-tog class SA is extensively used on busy Copenhagen suburban routes. These trains are quite unusual in structure consisting of short modules resting on just two axles. This has lead to some difficulty in remodeling the modules as the axle load limit is close to maximum. Unusual is also the width and design of interiors. Here the trains are quite comfortable with lots of space to use. Some of the compartments are designed for transporting bikes as Danes are famous for pedaling extensively during their day, another brand mark of Copenhagen traffic. As EMUs are low floored / floors at the level of platforms and door quite wide getting in and out is very easy.


Easy Recognition for class SA of DSB S-tog

-> Pure red painted Copenhagen local EMU (add vinyls might exist from time to time)
-> 8 modules (class SE has 4)
-> End modules carry SA + unit number
-> Extremely rounded lower exterior walls

 

Technical Info for class IR4 of DSB S-tog
-> Type: electric multiple unit
-> Danish class: SA (SA-SB-SC-SD+SD-SC-SB-SA)  
-> Usage: basic local EMU for Copenhagen area  
-> Builder: Alstom and Siemens    
-> Operator and owner: DSB of Denmark
-> Production dates: 1996 - 2006 
-> Numbers built: 105, 104 in traffic
-> Number series: by modules
   -- SA: 8101 - 8205, 9101 - 9205
   -- SB: 8301 - 8405, 9301 - 9405
   -- SC: 8601 - 8705, 9601 - 9705
   -- SD: 8801 - 8905, 9801 - 9905

-> Capacity:
   -- 2nd class sofas: 312 passengers
   -- Clap seats: 28
   -- Standees: about 360
   -- Room for bikes: depending on passenger load, basically tens

-> Energy Source: overhead electricity, 25kV 50 Hz AC
-> Track motors
: asyncronous x 8  
-> Power output
: 8 x 215 kW > 1720 kW (2300 hp)
-> Tractive Effort: unknown 
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): unknown   
-> Multiple drive
: up to 2
-> Wheel arrangement: A’A’A’1A’+A’1A’A’A’ (8 modules)


-> Maximum operational speed: 120 km/h (75 mph) 

-> Length: 83,8 m
-> Width: 3,5 m
-> Height: 4,3 m
-> Floorheight: 1,1 m
-> Weight: 124 metric tons (273,400 lbs)
-> Gauge: 1435 mm

-> Couplers: Scharfenberg
-> Train control: Danish ATC

-> Special:
-- units run only near Copenhagen area.
-- Please note that similar class SE has 4 modules while this one has 8.





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Öresundståget

  Swedish Class X31 / X31K / X32K (for Swedish) / ET (for Danish) of Öresundståget  

Öresundståget X31 number 4391 in Copenhagen, Denmark

Öresundtåget X31 number 4559 in Copenhagen, Denmark

Öresundtåget X31K number 4x43 in Copenhagen, Denmark

Öresundtåget X31 in Copenhagen, Denmark

Öresundtåg is a train operating brand connecting Southern Sweden and Westernmost regions of Denmark. Trains between Denmark and Sweden are run in frequent interval, as 25000 Swedes communte daily to work in Denmark. Living and wages are much higher in Denmark, so this arrangement works well for people on the Swedish side. X31/X31K EMUs run through the tunnel and bridge on the permanent connection between two countries.

X31 / X31K are the last of the "Flexliner" rubber headed EMUs built (actually Bombardier Crusalis Contessa). They have by now seen much traffic and many have been refurbished. Interior arrangement is such, that at least in Sweden people are ciritical about comfirt of these trains. Yet, Flexliners seem to be relatively reliable and will remain in traffic for a few more decades. This is helped by Danish DSB (which might have wishes to run some of the same lines) being very short of electric multiple units at least for a decade to come.

Easy Recognition for class ET of Øresundtåget
-> rubber headed EMU with smooth aluminum colored sides (except for a few units with adds)
-> 3 modules (dividing line might be hard to see when rubber heads are coupled with each other, so be prepared to cunt multiples of 3)
-> End modules carry ET + unit number
-> side walls are tilted inwards just below the windows






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