Main > Reference > Finland > Electric Locomotives


   Train Recognition Guide
   Super High Speed Main

   European Countries

    Czech Republic

     Electric Multiple Units
      Sm6 "Allegro"
      Sm5 "Flirt"
      Sm4 "Rabbit"
      Sm3 "Pendo"
      Sm1 "Sami"
     Diesel Multiple Units
    > Electric Locomotives
      Sr2 "Guinea Pig"
      Sr1 "Wolf"
     Diesel Locomotives
      Dr16 "Big Blonde"
      Dr14 "Zebra"
      Dv12 "Deeveri"
      Operators and Owners
       Operator VR-Yhtyma
       Operator HKL
       Owner Karelian Trains
       Owner PKJ
    Russian Locos in F.
    Russian Trains in F.


    United Kingdom

    North America





Finnish Electric Locomotives

Created for by John McKey, Ilkka Siissalo and Andreas Ehnberg. Pictures by Stanislav Voronin, Ilkka Siissalo, Hannu Peltola, Andreas Ehnberg, Peider SwissTrip, Gerry Putz and John McKey.

Also in this section:An IC2 fo VR pulled by Swiss type Sr2 has just left Pasila, Helsinki on it's way to Turku in the west
Finnish Railroads Main Page, a great place to start browsing this section.

Junakalusto Class Sm5 on test drive meets Sm4 of VR-Yhtyma in Kerava, just outside Helsinki, Finland
Finnish railroad operators and organizations have their own page.

While much of the passenger traffic concentrates around the capital Helsinki, you might be interested in the roster pictures of VR-Yhtyma, Junakalusto and the city of Helsinki operator HKL. HKL operates the metro and narrow gauge trams.

Welcome to the Finnish Electric Locomotives page! This page covers all the most important information on the types in use in Finland. There are also pages for the Finnish Electric Multiple Units, Diesel Multiple Units and Diesel Locomotives.
SJ X55 unit 3x56 in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
Finnish Electric Locomotive types: * Sr1 * Sr2 * Sr3 * VL82 * EP10 * EP20 *
VR-Yhtyma Sr2 number 3239 in Ilmala, Helsinki, Finland
  Picture above: An attractive red-white-gray color schemed Sr2 number 3239 is dorming outside the Ilmala Helsinki locomotive wash. Picture by John McKey.
 RzD (the Russian Railways)
RZD EP20 number 005 in Vainikkala, Finland Class EP20 (Alstom+TMH Heavy Passenger Electric)
EP20 as the newest heavy passenger electric of RZD has recently replaced older models from services. This locovotive with its Bo'Bo'Bo' traction is modern and extremely powerful.

Units built
: 200, some in order
Unit numbers
: EP20 001 - 200
Maximum allowed speed
: 200 km/h (125 mph)   
Electrical systems
: overhead el.  DC 3000 V and AC 25 kV 50 Hz, 7200 kW (9655 hp), 350 kN (78'700 lbf)
: national and International passenger services

  Detailed information on RzD class EP20...

An RzD EP10 "Vuoksa" at trade show in St Petersburg, Russia Class EP10 of RzD (NEVZ+AdTranz/Bombardier Heavy Passenger Electric)
EP10 is one of the newer breed of the heavy Russian electric locomotives. It has aformidable Bo'Bo'Bo' under structure combined with lot of power.

Units built
: 12, 1998 - 2006,
Unit numbers
: EP10 001 - 012
Maximum allowed speed
: 160 km/h (99 mph)   
Electrical systems
: DC 3000 V and AC 25 kV 50 Hz, 7200 kW (9655 hp), 375 kN (84'305 lbf)
: national and International passenger services

  Detailed information on RzD class EP10...

An RzD VL-82 number 069 in Vainikkala, Finland Class VL82/VL82M
One of the locomotives visiting Eastern border of Finland is the RzD type VL82/VL82M. Though the locos have clocked millions of kilometers, they are still in occasional active use until newer locos arrive.

Units built: 91
Unit numbers: VL82(M) 001 - 069
Maximum allowed speed: 110 km/h (68 mph)   
Electrical systems: 
DC 3000 V and AC 25 kV 50 Hz
Usage: national and International
passenger services

  Detailed information on RzD class VL82M...

Wolf number 3098 at Kouvola Depot, Kouvola, Finland Class Sr1 of VR
SR1 were acquired in 1970 and 80s. Today they are worn out and obsolete and will be the next units to be replaced. Sr1 is usually called "Wolf".

Units built: 112
Unit numbers: 3001 - 3112
Maximum allowed speed: 140 km/h (87 mph)   
Electrical systems: overhead
AC 25 kV 50 Hz
Usage: national freight and some
passenger services

  Detailed information on VR class Sr1...
VR-Yhtyma Sr2 number 3210 in Ilmala, Helsinki, Finland Class Sr2 of VR
A fruit of the LOK2000 program the Swiss designed locomotives were sold to Finland too. Class Sr2 is considered quite reliable, despite the demanding conditions.

Units built: 46, numbers 3201 - 3246
Power: 6100 kW (8294 Hp), 280 kN (63'000 lbf) 
Maximum allowed speed: 210 km/h (130 mph)   
Electrical systems: overhead
AC 25 kV 50 Hz
Usage: mainly national
passenger services

  Detailed information on VR class Sr2...

Siemens class 193 test Vectron in Helsinki, Finland Class Sr3 of VR
First four Vectron AC 6400 kw hybrid locomotives will arrive to Finland in early 2016. These will provide much needed modern traction for their owner VR-Yhtymä. For northern slippery lines Vectron should be better than competition leading to decreased operating costs.

For now Siemens has been testing extensively on normal German class 1943 Vectron classified locally as USr3.

An RzD VL-82 number 069 in Vainikkala, Finland
  Above one of the RzD's more aged fleet locos, the VL82M number 069 is seen receiving the Tolstoy sleeper coaches (Helsinki, Finland - Moscow, Russia) from VR at the Vainikkala border crossing. Since the gauges are close enough, there is no need for any changes on bogies. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

To the top of the page

 Class Sr1 "Wolves" of VR-Yhtymä (Novocherrkask VL40)

Sr1 Wolfpack at Kouvola Depot, Kouvola, Finland
  Picture above: Sr1 wolves gather at the Kouvola station depot. VR Yhtyma has a periodic maintenance for the units in Kouvola. Although the Sr1 class is today totally obsolete, nearly 100 wolves hunt for assignments daily.
  Below a picture showing better the good shape of a typical locomotive in the fleet. Picture above by John McKey and below by Hannu Peltola.

Wolf number 3098 at Kouvola Depot, Kouvola, Finland

  Picture below: Size comparison of the Sr1 and Sr2, while the size is approximately the same, the power is almost double on the modern Sr2 locomotive. Picture by Photo Ranger.
Size comparison of the Sr1 number 3031 and Sr2 number 3210 of VR-Yhtyma

VR-Yhtyma Sr1 number 3075 at Jyväskylä station, Finland  Above: The newest version of the light green paint scheme on the Sr1 number 3015. The locomotive is on the point of the paper products train in Jyväskylä, Finland. Destination is one of the sea harbors. (the gauge differs from all other countries making international traffic so common in other European countries all but impossible here). Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.
  Below a rare picture by Hannu Peltola showing two earliest "Pansovietic" paint schemes of the Sr1 "wolves". Picture is one of the most common spotting places in Riihimäki for the class even today. Some things just stay the same :)
Finland Valtionrautatiet Sr1 numbers 3007 and 3030 in Riihimäki, 1980s Finland

The class Sr1 can today be found mainly serving forest industries, and guiding the passenger trains through the forested country when class Sr2 locomotives are not available. Most of the time you can see the Sr1 Russian originating locomotives in use anywhere outside Helsinki area.

Sr1 was the first electric locomotive class to be used in Finland in early 1970s. After much debate these locomotives were bought from the east from the Novocherkassk locomotive factory. All units received upgrades to their electric controls before they could be taken in to use. Exotic at the time was that there was a fridge to keep the drivers drinks and food cold. Although under powered this device attracted much attention. Almost as much attention was paid to the then enormous looking capabilities of the new class Sr1 Wolves. A series of tests were deviced, where the locomotive would haul over a kilometer long freight train. As far as I remember many of the trains attracted people to see by the track huge consists of the empty 4 axle flat cars.

The Wolves started to evolve with periodical scheduled full maintenance overhauls by their owner VR. The first outside appearance change was painting both ends with bright yellow for better visibility, since it was supposedly a "quiet" electric locomotive. Now in retrospect can be said that even today with the upgraded blowers you can hear the wolves howling miles away before you can actually see them, but hopefully a few less hits to people, cars, elks and deer resulted from this yellow end painting action. Late 1980s was also a period of VR searching for progress. The wolves got the new "Intercity style" red-black-white paint scheme and a few were even upgraded from 140 km/h to capable of hauling the passenger trains at 160 km/h. Initially you could tell the units from the short distance by looking at their wheels, which were all iron for the "fast ones", while most of the older units still had "spiked" wheels (like the old carts). Next to the locomotive you could also read the builders plate for the upgrade. However, the personnel running these 160 km/h units told they were scared because the locomotive handled so poorly on higher speeds. No more test locos were built and the ones that existed were finally converted back to 140 km/h with the advent of the class Sr2 of VR.

Since then the division of use between the Sr2 Guinea Pigs and the Sr1 Wolves has been clear. The Sr2s haul most of the higher speed heavy passenger trains and most all trains in the southwest, where the Sr1s handle most of the freight and occasional regional traffic coaches. In other areas the class Sr1 is still dominating due to curious lack of modern electric motive power for VR-Yhtymä. During the 2008-2009 recession with a surplus of locos it was obvious that if the Sr2 was available, the personnel chose to use those for any purpose. There is also one freight route exception in the South: The SR1 is unable to handle a train, or even run itself, in the humid conditions of the 13,5 kilometer / 9 mile long Vuosaari harbor tunnel, so Sr2s need to be assigned there instead.

The maintenance for the SR1 is done today both in Hyvinkää VR locomotive works (the heavy periodical overhauls) and Kouvola locomotive works for the "lighter" maintenance. The age shows and the wolves are unable to technically feed the excess energy back to the 25kV networks unlike any more modern loco should. Painting green is then the only solution for turning the locomotive environmentally friendly. The personnel are also unhappy about their working conditions on some of the units.

The Sr1 Wolves will be phased out as a reserve power with the possible future acquiring of new locos for the VR-Yhtymä. The new locomotive type will be unveiled soon.

Due to VR-Yhtyma extensive refurbishing program the class Sr1 locos have evolved through the years and are now in a much better shape than when they arrived to Finland as new. Almost all units are still in traffic after 4 decades of active work. Sr1 "Wolves" Theme Page... 

Technical details for class Sr1 "Siberian Wolf" "Cabbage cage"
-> Type: VL40 of Novocherkassk, Finnish classification Sr1
-- electronics: Strömberg (now ABB)
-- bogies: Skoda
-> Operator: VR-Yhtymä
-> Usage: Medium multipurpose locomotive
-> Builder: Novocherkassk (2 last units put together in Finland from Soviet parts)
-> Production dates: 1973 to 1985, 1993 - #3111, 1996 - #3112
-> Numbers built: 112 , two unit put together in Finland later from the spare parts
-> Numbers in use: ~109

-> Seen: Finland, none were built for the U.S.S.R. itself

-> Energy Source: 25 kV 50Hz overhead electric
-> Power output:
  -- momentary: 3280 kW (4400 Hp)
  -- continuous: 3100 kW (4160 Hp)
-> Transmission: electric DC
-> Traction motors: Novocherkassk type
-> Tractive Effort: 220 kN at start, (manufacturer gives figure 280 kN, but this is not based on facts)
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): not available
-> Wheel arrangement: Bo'Bo'
-> Wheel diameter: 1250 mm as new

-> Maximum operational speed where possible: 140 km/h (87 mph), units3040, 3041, 3098 - 3112 were capable of 160 km/h (99mph) for a few years before the type Sr2 arrived, when those were converted back to 140 km/h.

-> Length: 19 m
-> Heigth:
-> Width:

-> Weight: 84 metric tons
-> Max axle weight: 21 metric tons

-> Notes:
  - many units have so far received the new so called "Sallad green livery" of VR-Yhtymä, the rest retain theri IC style colors.
  - Scrapped due to accidents: 3048, 3089, 3101
  - There are plans to retire the obsolete locomotive type with the new
     VR-Yhtyma class Sr3 starting year 2015

-> Distinctive boxy Russian shape.
-> If the loco is running, you will hear it from a distance by its howling sound (this is why it is called the wolf).
-> Painted for VR-Yhtymä to either greenish tones or older Intercity like red-white-black scheme.
-> Can haul any kind of train from passenger IC2 to slowest freights.

VR-Yhtyma Sr1 number 3092 at Helsinki Main station with RzD Repin coaches, Finland
  VR Sr1 number 3096 with Russian train "Repin" at Helsinki Main, Finland. Picture by Andreas Ehnberg.

VR-Yhtyma Sr1 number 3046 in Lappeenranta Finland next to the UPM paper mill ready to roll paper rolls to the harbor
  Typical assignment for the VR Sr1 "Wolves" number 3046 is waiting for the signal colors in Lappeenranta with a finished forest products (most likely paper rolls) train. Picture by Hannu Peltola.

Sr1 number 3111 in Kerava with the Moscow train
  Second to last VR Wolf number 3111 is seen here dashing by Kerava station with a Russian Tolstoy train to Moscow. Picture by Gerry Putz.

VR Sr1 number 3031 escorting a can train to Kilpilahti refinery in Porvoo, Finland
  Here the Sr1 Wolf is seen escorting a can train to Kilpilahti refinery on the Finnish southern coast. Picture from the S-curve near Kerava by Stanislav Voronin.

Finland VR-Yhtyma Sr1 electric locomotive number 3110 in Vainikkala
  VR-Yhtymä Sr1 number 3110 is seen at Vainikkala station at the Finnish eastern border waiting for the border formalities to be finished. The train with locomotive just changed from Russian to Finnish one will continue towards Helsinki from here. Picture by Sanna Siissalo.

VR-Yhtyma Sr1 Wolves parade in early morning Tampere, Finland
  VR-Yhtymä Sr1 Wolves parade on the vacant locomotive pool at Tampere junction where they are needed all the time. Some VR Sr1s are always departing, others coming back from assignments. Picture by John McKey.

Finland VR-Yhtyma Sr1 electric locomotives in Helsinki Main
  Several Sr1s are seen with the afternoon rush hour locals here under the Helsinki Main clock tower. Picture by Gerry Putz. Sr1 "Wolves" in Gallery... Sr1 "Wolves" Theme Page...   

To the top of the page

 VR-Yhtyma Sr2 "Guinea Pigs"
Sr2 numvber 3239 outside the washing line in Ilmala, Helsinki, Finland
  Pictures Above and below: The Swiss origins of the Sr2 as part of the Lok2000 program show well on these powerful beasts. Above the attractive red-white-gray color scheme and   below the newest "Sallad Green" scheme, that many railfans and railpros originally disliked. However, you sort of get used to the colors no matter what they are (almost). Picture above by John McKey and below by Stanislav Voronin.
Sr2 number 3221 in Green livery on the tip of the IC train, Helsinki Main, Finland

VR-Yhtyma class Sr2 number 3214 painted into V-series Ilmala, Helsinki, Finland

The Sr2 class belongs to the locomotives developed at the Swiss LOK2000 program. The Swiss Re460/465 as well as the Norwegian/Swedish and Finnish counterparts are almost identical in the looks and technology.

These locomotives have been a great success story for their operator VR-Yhtymä in Finland. They run primarily passenger services and secondarily, if available can also be found running freights. With Sr2 power 6100 kw and kilonewton dropping very slowly with the increasing speed these are powerful enough to haul even a large express trains alone. Additional bonus to their power is their capability sometimes to feed up to 50% of the energy back to network when braking on their motors (dynamic braking).

The fleet of 46 locomotives is currently being slowly painted to greenish tone, the earlier being the great red-white-gray scheme seen on the left and similar earlier "V"-look (instead of the letters VR) that the first 20 units originally wore. Sr2 "Guinea Pigs" Special Theme Page... 

Technical details for Sr2 "Guinea Pig" " Marsu" "Möhkö"
-> Type: LOK2000 series loco
-> Class: Sr2
-> Usage: medium to heavy multipurpose locomotive
-> Builders: several, originally built by SLM (Schweizerische Lokomotiv und Maschinenfabrik) of Switzerland, then ABB, Adtranz, Bombardier and Transtech
-> Production dates: 1995 - 2003
-> Numbers built: 46
-> Numbers in use: 46

-> Users: VR-Yhtymä
-> Seen: Finland, sister locos in Switzerland, Sweden and Norway

-> Energy Source: 25 kV 50Hz overhead electric
-> Power output:
-- momentary: 6100 kW (8294 Hp)
-- continuous: 5000 kW (6705 Hp)
-> Traction motors: AC, one for each bogie
-> Tractive Effort: 280 kN (63'000 lbf), according to some sources 300 kN
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): available
-> Wheel arrangement: Bo'Bo'
-> Wheel diameter: 1100 mm

-> Maximum operational speed where possible: 210 km/h (130 mph)

-> Length: 18,7 m
-> Heigth: 4,3 m
-> Width: 3,0 m

-> Weight: 83 metric tons
-> Max. axle weight 21 tons

  Unit 3221 on the left shows the newest greenish tone while
  unit 3214 little lower wore the old "V"-scheme still in 2004. Pictures by Stanislav Voronin and John McKey.

  Tough conditions are not an obstacle for this power horse designed in Switzerland. Here the unit 3222 is seen with an IC2 train in Riihimäki with a lot of flying snow. Picture by Peider SwissTrip.  

  Another winter picture the green painted Sr2 unit 3233 rounds a curve with an IC2 train in Espoo on its way to Turku, Finland. Picture by Hannu Peltola.  

VR Sr2 3222 with IC2 in blizzard at Riihimäki, Finland VR Sr2 nr 3233 in snow in Espoo, Finland  
To the top of the page

  VL82/VL82M of the RzD
An RzD VL-82 number 069 in Vainikkala, Finland

An RzD VL-82 number 065 in Vainikkala, Finland
A rare picture of the RzD VL-82M number 069 that has just been coupled in front of the Fenno-Russian passenger train at Vainikkala border station on it's voyage from Helsinki to St Petersburg. The train is called "Repin". Repin was replaced in 2011 for the most days by Allegro Pendolinos of Karelian Trains.

VL82M in the picture is a double system electric locomotive with capability to operate on both 25kV 50Hz and 3000V/3300V traditional Russian networks. It also has very similar looking single 3000V DC cousins used on classic Russian lines.

Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo.

Technical details for VL82 / VL82M
-> Type: VL82 / VL82M 
-> Builder: Novocherkassk 
-> Operators: RzD (the Russian Railways)
-> Usage: Heavy electric on the area where double electric voltage is needed (3000V DC + 25 kV 50 Hz)
-> Production dates: prototype in 1966, production from 1967-8,
      M series p:1972, production 1973-1979.  
-> Numbers built: 91  
-> Numbers in Use: unknown, but due to shortage
of dual electric power the
      demand is high which would suggest most units still being in use.

-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft)
-> Possibly seen in: Russia, Finland, Biela Russia, Ukraine

-> Energy Source: electric 3000V DC and 25kV 50Hz  
-> Power output: 2800/2540 kW (3806/3453 Hp),
      M: 3020/2880 kW (4106/3915 Hp)        
-> Traction motors: Novocherkassk NB-420A 4 x 700kW, M: NB407B 4 x 755kW 
-> Tractive Effort: 320 kN start / 200 kN at 50 km/h
-> Wheel arrangement:  Bo-Bo x 2
-> Wheel diameter: 1250 mm (typical on the eastern side)

-> Maximum operational speed:  110 km/h (68 mph) 

-> Length: 16,42m x 2    
-> Heigth:
-> Width:    

-> Weight: 96 / 100 metric tons  
-> Axle weight max: 25 tons

-> Can only be seen close to Fenno-Russian border in Vainikkala and Vartius
-> Greenish Soviet period paint scheme
-> A typical orange safety stripe or two in the ends
-> Double unit

To the top of the page

  EP10 "Vuoksa" (Fin: Vuoksi) of the RzD

An RzD EP10 "Vuoksa" at trade show in St Petersburg, Russia
  Above: The "Vuoksa" specially painted EP10 locomotive seen at the Russian trade fair in St Petersburg, Russia. Picture by Denis Shalyapin.
  Below: The EP10 prototype at Scherbinka, Russia at the factory grounds. Picture by Stanislav Voronin.
Ep10 prototype number 001, Scherbinka, Russia

A truly rare piece of machinery, the modern bielectric loco "Vuoksa" is shown here at the trade fair in St Petersburg, Russia. This same loco was ordinarily part of the fleet for cross border traffic between Russia and Finland, but disappeared sometime in 2009 to the other parts of Russia, probably due to very severe shortage of the 3000V+25kV locomotives there. While Russia is trying to modernize, ramping up production seems to be hard even in the traditional Soviet areas like locomotive production. Now it is rumored to being used at night to bring and pick up the Moscow - Helsinki Tolstoy night train across the border.

We hope to see "Vuoksa" back on the Fenno-Russian border area where it is also much needed and where it was assigned earlier to replace ancient 2M62 and more 2M116 locomotives as well as the few Tep70 passenger diesels operating there now. Once the train "Repin" is getting a new life between St Petersburg, Russia and Lappeenranta, Finland, this locomotive might be able to take the train non stop the whole way (instead of 1 - 2 locomotive changes now) on it's route. This would very effectively cut down the journey times.

Technical details for EP10
-> Type: EP10 
-> Builder: Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant and Bombardier
-> Operators: RzD (the Russian Railways)
-> Usage: Heavy electric on the area where double electric voltage is needed (3000V DC + 25 kV 50 Hz)
-> Production dates: 2005 - 2006   
-> Numbers built: 12   
-> Numbers in Use: 12

-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft)
-> Possibly seen in: Russia, Finland

-> Energy Source: electric 3000V DC and 25kV 50Hz  
-> Power output: 7200 kW (9655 Hp),
-> Traction motors: Novocherkassk  
-> Tractive Effort: kN start
-> Wheel arrangement:  Bo'Bo'Bo'
-> Wheel diameter: mm 

-> Maximum operational speed:  160 km/h (100 mph) 

-> Length: 22,53 m     
-> Heigth:
-> Width: 3,1 m    

-> Weight: 135 metric tons  
-> Axle weight max: tons

-> Can only be seen in Vainikkala, at the Fenno-Russian border
-> The only Bo'Bo'Bo' electric around
-> Most of the units have individual paint schemes, which makes recognizing a little harder
-> Boxy (modern Russian) appearance
-> Machine room does not have windows
-> Corrugated side panels
-> "Swedish style" the cab door is only on the right side of the drivers quarters

To the top of the page

Future Additions to VR-Yhtyma rosters

  Sr3 of VR-Yhtyma
Siemens class 193 test Vectron in Helsinki, Finland

VR-Yhtyma is in a process of replacing the technologically obsolete and worn out Sr1 wolves with 80 new electric locomotives.

Technical details for Sr3
-> Class: Sr3
-> Type:

-> Manufacturer:
-> Owner: VR-Yhtymä






To the top of the page

Main > Reference > Finland > Electric Locomotives
© Railroad Reference 2004 - 2016   -   Recreated 12.12.2010 John McKey, updated 11.2.2016