Hosted by Zoner Internet Web Hotel
Main > Reference > Finland > Diesel Multiple Units


Home
Reference
   Train Recognition Guide
   Super High Speed Main
   Manufacturers

   European Countries
    Austria
    Belgium
    Denmark
    Croatia
    Estonia
   > Finland
     Gallery
     High Speed in Finland
     Electric Multiple Units
      Sm6 "Allegro"
      Sm5 "Flirt"
      Sm4 "Rabbit"
      Sm3 "Pendo"
      Sm2 "Sami"
      Sm1 "Sami"
   >  Diesel Multiple Units
      Dm12 "Duckling"
     Electric Locomotives
      Sr2 "Guinea Pig"
      Sr1 "Wolf"
     Diesel Locomotives
      Dr16 "Big Blonde"
      Dr14 "Zebra"
      Dv12 "Deeveri"
     Helsinki Traffic
     Organizations
      Operators and Owners
       Operator VR-Yhtyma
       Operator HKL
       Operator Imatra Locoserv.
       Owner Karelian Trains
       Owner PKJ (Junakalusto)
    Russian Locos in F.
    Russian Trains in F.

    France
    Georgia
    Germany
    Ireland
    Italy
    Latvia
    Lithuania
    Luxembourg
    Netherlands
    Norway
    Poland
    Russia
    Sweden
    Switzerland
    United Kingdom

    North America



Gallery
Timeline
Timeline

Timeline


Hobby

Courbevoie


 

Finnish Diesel Multiple Units
Created for 4rail.net by John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo, Hannu Peltola, Andreas Ehnberg and John McKey.




Also in this section:
An IC2 fo VR pulled by Swiss type Sr2 has just left Pasila, Helsinki on it's way to Turku in the west
Finnish Railroads Main Page, a great place to start browsing this section.

Junakalusto Class Sm5 on test drive meets Sm4 of VR-Yhtyma in Kerava, just outside Helsinki, Finland
Finnish railroad operators and organizations have their own page.


While much of the passenger traffic concentrates around the capital Helsinki, you might be interested in the roster pictures of VR-Yhtyma, Junakalusto and the city of Helsinki operator HKL. HKL operates the metro and narrow gauge trams. 




Cataloging Finnish diesel multiple units is easy: there is only one current DMU type in active use! Since the page has a lot of room, we will also take a look at some development units and older vintage units still regularly used for tourist and railfan entertainment. You might also be interested in Electric Multiple Units, Electric Locomotives, Diesel Locomotives and Mainteanance of the Way Vehicles.
   
 VR-Yhtymä

VR-Yhtymä Dm12 number 4406 in Lieksa, Finland

Dm12 number 4410 boarding in Karjaa, Finland

Class Dm12 of VR
VR-Yhtymä today only has one active class of rail buses for its use. After numerous turns acquiring new vehicles, CKD Vagonka built these.

Units built: 16, CKD Vagonka, 2004-5, refurbishing 2013-15
Unit numbers: 4401 - 4416
Maximum allowed speed
: 120 km/h (75 mph)
Capacity: 63 seats in one class, high floor, but with an elevator for wheel chairs, baby carts, etc.
Power systems
: 2 × Man D2876 LUE 606, deisel-hydraulic, Voith T111 BRE, 602 kW (810 hp)
Usage: Rural lines traffic

  
Detailed information on VR class Dm12...
 Vintage Vehicles of Valtionrautatiet (currently VR-Yhtymä)
Vintage Dm8 "carrot" at Helsinki main, Finland Vintage VR Dm9
Decades ago VR owned a fleet of class Dm9 and Dm8 cool duckbill shape nose DMUs of Valmet and Breda. These were used on many main express routes before electrification progressed. Nickname "Carrot" was an obvious choise ;)

Units built: 12, Valmet + Breda, 1965-66
Unit numbers: 5101 - 5124
Maximum allowed speed: 140 km/h (87 mph)
Capacity: 232 seats > 200
Power systems: 2 × F.A Isotta Fraschini e Motori Breda D19/SC12P, deisel-hydraulic, Self-Changing Gears 19D/CA3, 2 x 753 kW = 1506 kW (2020 hp)
Usage: Express trains


  Detailed information on VR class Dm8 and Dm9...


Vintage Dm8 "carrots" at Helsinki Ilmala yard, Finland

Vintage VR Dm8
Units built: 12, Valmet, 1964-65
Unit numbers: 5001 - 5024, center coach 5501-5512
Maximum allowed speed: 140 km/h (87 mph)
Capacity: 187 seats
Power systems
: 2 × F.A Isotta Fraschini e Motori Breda D19/SC12P, deisel-hydraulic, Self-Changing Gears 19D/CA3, 2 x 753 kW = 1506 kW (2020 hp)
Usage
: Express trains

  Detailed information on VR class Dm8 and Dm9...



Vintage Dm7 number 4211 plus others at Porvoo station in Porvoo, Finland Vintage VR Dm6 and 7
Many class Dm6 and 7 vehicles remain in museum use as these are comfortable and easy and inexpensive to maintain, ands most of all: fun to operate! Some "Lättähattu" type rail cars can be found even in Helsinki.

Units built: Dm6 - 15, Dm7 - 197, Valmet, 1954-63
Unit numbers: 4000 - 4014 for Dm6, Dm7 4020 - 4216
Maximum allowed speed: 115 km/h (72 mph)
Capacity: 64 seats in second class passenger module
Power systems
: Valmet 815 D, diesel-hydraulic, 130 kW (175 hp)
Usage: museum type trains

  Detailed information on vintage classes Dm6 and Dm7...



Vintage Dm4 add on Kci number 2071 in Haapamäki, Finland Vintage VR Dm4 (Coach)
Dm3 and Dm4 were first of the modern larger motor trains for Finland. 254 units were used until 1960s when classes Dm8 and Dm9 took over the routes.

Units built: Dm3 - 10, Dm4 - 14, Valmet, 1952-54
Unit numbers: 1500-1623
Maximum allowed speed: 115 km/h (72 mph)
Capacity:
Power systems
: GM-EMD 12 cylinder diesel, diesel-hydraulic, 2 x 260 kW (2 x 350 hp)
Usage: only surviving coach in Haapamäki

  Detailed information on vintage classes Dm3 and Dm4...



Vintage Bm1 number 3 in Haapamäki, Finland Vintage VR Bm1 (Gasoline powered)
Only surviving (though barely) Finnish built Bm1 rail car
seen here at Haapamäki Museum Locomotive Society depot along with tens of other vintage vehicles. Shelter for all these would be desperately needed, so later generations could see achievements of those who preceeded them. Bm1 is gasoline (B=Bensin) powered and has mechanical gearbox (m=mechanical transmission).

VR-Yhtymä Dm12 number 4406 in Lieksa, Finland
  Picture above: The VR-Yhtymä owned and operated Dm12 "Vankka" (Engl: some kind of duckling) number 4406 rews its engines to start from Nurmes. VR class Dm12 is surprisingly fast to accelerate from stations for its size and any diesel vehicle. Picture by Hannu Peltola.

Vintage Dm7 number 4207 at Porvoo station in Porvoo, Finland
  Picture above: The privately owned vintage Dm7 is preparing for a trip through the wintery scenes on the Porvoo - Kerava track. Here the leading module is driven from one end to another at Porvoo station. Picture by John McKey.


To the top of the page


  Dm12 of VR-Yhtymä
Dm12 in Haapamäki, Finland
VR-Yhtymä Dm12 number 4406 in Lieksa, Finland
VR-Yhtymä Dm12 number 4406 in Lieksa, Finland

Railbuses have always been an important form of transportation for rural Finnish towns connecting them several times a day with larger cities. The latest railbus type is called "the Pendolino for a back village" by railfans or "Vankka" (some kind of duckling) by their personnel. Dm12 is a comfortable vehicle for the smaller routes, though its very high floor is a real challenge for elderly and hard walking citizens climbing aboard. Especially so from the ages old extra low platforms of the little countryside towns. For example see the picture on left on the low height of the platform at Haapamäki in the middle Finland. Picture by John McKey.

Technical details for class Dm12 DMUs
-> Type: Diesel railbus
-> Class: Dm12
-> Builder: ČKD Vagonka
-> Owner: VR-Yhtymä
-> Operators: VR-Yhtymä
-> Road numbers: 4401 - 4416
-> UIC codes:

-> Usage: rural regional services
-> Production dates: 2004 - 2006
-> Rebuilding: 2011 -
-- so far only 4401 and 4402 have been refurbished.
-> Numbers built: 16
-> Numbers in use: 16
-> Seen: Finland

-> Passengers:
- 1st class: 0
- 2nd class: 63
- standing: ~50
- cafe: -
- wheelchair, baby carts, elderly: not accessible

-> Energy Source: diesel fuel
-> Power output: 600 kW (804 Hp)
-> Transmission: hydraulic
-> Traction motors: -
-> Tractive Effort: 150 kN
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): -
-> Wheel arrangement: (1A)'-(A1)'
-> Wheel diameter: 840 mm as new

-> Maximum operational speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
-> Car numbering: -

-> Length: 25,2 m
-> Heigth: 4,2 m
-> Width: 2,85 m

-> Weight: 54,5 metric tons
-> Max axle weight: metric tons

-> Notes:
  - The first unit to be found painted green-white-gray was 4401, found in Kuopio in early 2012. This is also the first unit to be refurbished after just 8 years of use.
  - John saw the 4402 on test drive in Helsinki after its refurbishing in the summer 2012.


  Dm12 "Vankka" Theme Page...





To the top of the page



Vintage Diesel Multiple Units

  Dm8 and Dm9 "Carrots" of Vintage operators

Vintage Dm8 "carrots" at Helsinki Ilmala yard, Finland
Vintage Dm8 "carrot" at Helsinki main, Finland

Vintage Dm8 "carrots" at Helsinki Ilmala yard, Finland


The Dm8 and Dm9 were four decades ago the trusted long distance fleet for non electrified stretches of track. The unique shape and coloring of the Dm8 and Dm9 makes sure that even the people not so much interested in trains remember these. The last major line where the "Carrots" were used was from Helsinki to Turku. Once the lines were electrified, the units became redundant and were sentenced either to torch or secondary use. This secondary use often was serving as a platform for overhead wire installations and repairs and many coaches are still in this use despite the technology development.

For the resurrection there is one Carrot unit under repairs in Haapamäki for service of the railfans once it is finished. Great to see that this distinctive memorable units still survives in use!





   

To the top of the page




  Dm6 and Dm7 of Vintage operators
Vintage Dm7 number 4211 plus others at Porvoo station in Porvoo, Finland


Vintage Dm7 number 4207 inside, Porvoo, Finland

Vintage Dm7 number 4207 at Porvoo station in Porvoo, Finland

The VR classes Dm6 and Dm7 once provided the backbone for rural and smaller cities regional transportation. These modular diesel vehicles were originally designed after the well working Swedish models and had the same modern advantages and disadvantages. The "Lättähattu" (English: flat hat) light diesel railbuses operated until 1980's when they were retired and replaced with diesel locomotive pulled trains. These in turn operated until early next millennium, being finally replaced by Czech built class Dm12.

The remaining Dm6/7 units are in museum traffic, most often confined to quieter stretches of the rail network in Finland.

Technical details for class Dm6 and 7 Vintage DMUs
-> Type: Diesel railbus
-> Class: Dm6 and 7
-> Builder: Valmet in Finland
-> Owners: private owners for museum and vintage tours
-> Operators: same as above

-> Usage: originally rural regional services, now museum tours
-> Production dates: 1954 - 1963
-> Numbers built: 16
-- Dm6: 15
-- Dm7: 197
-> Numbers in museum use: 21
-> Seen: Finland

-> Passengers:
- 1st class: 0
- 2nd class: 64
- cafe: -
- wheelchair: not accessible (no way!)

-> Energy Source: diesel fuel
-> Power output: 130 kW (180 Hp)
-> Transmission: hydraulic
-> Traction motors: -
-> Tractive Effort: kN
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): -
-> Wheel arrangement: (1A)'-(A1)'
-> Wheel diameter: 613 for Dm6 and 790 mm for Dm7

-> Maximum operational speed: 95 / 115 km/h ( mph)
-> Car numbering:
-- Dm6: 4000 - 4014
-- Dm7: 4020 - 4216
-> UIC codes: -

-> Length: 16,7 m
-> Heigth: 3,4 m
-> Width: 3,1 m

-> Weight: 15 - 18 metric tons
-> Max axle weight: metric tons

-> Notes:
  - All in museum use, some quite actively


  Dm6/7 Theme Page



Vintage Dm7 number 4207 at Porvoo station in Porvoo, Finland Vintage Dm7 number 4207 coupler, Finland

To the top of the page




Main > Reference > Finland > Diesel Multiple Units
ReferenceGalleriesArticlesMore
© 4rail.net Railroad Reference 2004 - 2016   -   Created 10.3.2012 John McKey, Updated 11.2.2016