Super High Speed Main
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|4rail.net - Reference - Finland - Organizations|
Currently the Finnish Operationg environment organizations can be divided to (at least) organizators, financiators, owners of the infrastructure and rolling stock and operators. Of these the rolling stock owners and operators are discussed on another page:
Rolling Stock Owners and Operators
On this page you will find the many national level and the local organizations of the rest.
National Administrator: Finnish Rail Administration (RHK)
The Finnish Rail Administration is responsible for managing the national rail network and infrastructure of Finland. This includes maintaining and developing the infrastructure. This includes 5794 km (3600 mi) of rail lines, 3047 km (1893 mi) of which is electricified. Maximum axle weight for most lines is 22,5 metric tonnes (very low compared with some of the neighboring countries). An average of 135M€/year is spent on maintenance each year.
There are no dedicated super high speed lines in Finland because of the relatively small population of Finns living outside Helsinki area on the southern coast. Top speed for the Finnish networks is currently as low as 220km/h (136 mph) because of the demanding climate conditions and low maintenance budgets.
Most of the income of 477M€ for the RHK comes through the national budget and only a fraction from the operating fees.
Finnish Infrastructure page...
Helsinki Matropolitan Area Council (HMAC)
The HMAC is responsible for planning and arranging the public transportation around Helsinki area: Helsinki (starting 2010), Espoo, Kauniainen, Vantaa, Kerava and Kirkkonummi. The HMAC arranges around 80 million travels yearly (excluding most the travels within city of Helsinki itself), out of which over 40 million in trains.
Since there has been discussion on the pricing issues with the VR-Yhtyma on the owner compensations and operations prices of the EMU's in the area, The HMAC has created Pääkaupunkiseudun Junakalusto Oy coalition to own the future trains for its operations. First FLIRT EMUs are just arriving and the two first will most likely be taken into regular use at the latter part of the year 2009.
In addition to this some local track like Karhula-Sunila Railway are privately owned.
The following three railroad museums are well worth mentioning:
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Finnish reference main page
Created for 4rail.net by John McKey. Pictures by Hannu Luukannel, Hannu Peltola, Ilkka Siissalo, Sanna Siissalo, Stanislav Voronin and John McKey.
See also these pages!
Finnish Railroads Main Page, a great place to start browsing this section.
Finnish railroad organizations and railroad operators have their own pages, as well as the largest operator VR-Yhtyma and a newcomer to the field Junakalusto.
While much of the passenger traffic concentrates around the capital Helsinki, you might be interested in the roster pictures of VR-Yhtyma, Junakalusto and the city of Helsinki operator HKL. HKL operates the metro, buses and narrow gauge trams.
You might also like to see the Finnish Rolling Stock Classes Page or the Rolling Stock Heritage Classes Page!
The Finnish Infrastructure Page gives you details on the railroad projects of past, present and the future. Finnish Railroad History Page describes the beginnings of Finnish railroading.
Finnish location is quite challenging for the railroading, the European Union Railroading Page and the Rail Baltica Page shed light to this subject.
Russians in Finland Page brings you some of the exotic Russian models, many still dating back to the Soviet period.
Last but not least, Take a virtual tour with a Finnish heritage locomotive Vr1 / "Chicken". This story was brought to 4rail.net by Hannu Peltola.