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Finnish Railroad Organizations

Finnish railroading was for long almost isolated from the rest of the Western European rail networks. Because of the isolation, during the latest 100 years the operations on the national network were mainly a monopoly of the state owned operator VR-Yhtyma (earlier Valtionrautatiet). This organizations earlier digested numerous start ups with too thin logistics volumes for survival. During the EU membership period the railroads too have started to open for other operators and owners. The organizational structural change has also taken place. But even with several plans the old operator structures change extremely slowly, and often painfully with organizations sticking to the old models.

Destia Matisa "Masa" in Imatra, Finland
Picture above: A brand new Matisa rail maintenance machine owned by Destia seen in Imatra early summer of 2010. After numerous failures in grinding the dominant operator VR's market share the competition formed an international alliance, headed by another Finnish state owned organizations Destia. Destia is best known for massive road construction and maintenance operations in Finland. With the international alliance the market operation was successful, and now the company has about 15 - 35% market share of the railroad maintenance in Finland, VR still having the rest. Below the logos of the international consortium can be seen on the older Ttk1 machine.
Destia Plasser-Theurer waiting for next asignment in Imatra, Finland

-- Click any picture to see a larger version of it! --

Organizations: Destia * Imatran Veturipalvelu (Imatra Loco Service) * Pääkaupunkiseudun Junakalusto * VR-Yhtymä *


/// Refurbishing continuing down from here

See also material on the older page...




Created for 4rail.net by John McKey and Andreas Ehnberg. Pictures by Stanislav Voronin, Ilkka Siissalo, Hannu Peltola, Andreas Ehnberg and John McKey.

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Also in this section:
An IC2 fo VR pulled by Swiss type Sr2 has just left Pasila, Helsinki on it's way to Turku in the west

Finnish Railroads Main Page, a great place to start browsing this section.

Junakalusto Class Sm5 on test drive meets Sm4 of VR-Yhtyma in Kerava, just outside Helsinki, Finland
Finnish railroad organizations and railroad operators have their own pages, as well as the largest operator VR-Yhtyma and a newcomer to the field Junakalusto.


While much of the passenger traffic concentrates around the capital Helsinki, you might be interested in the roster pictures of VR-Yhtyma, Junakalusto and the city of Helsinki operator HKL. HKL operates the metro and narrow gauge trams

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  Destia, Infrastructure Maintenance
Destia Matisa "Masa" in Imatra, Finland

Pictures: A brand new Matisa rail maintenance machine owned by Destia seen in Imatra early summer of 2010. After numerous failures in grinding the dominant operator VR's market share the competition formed an international alliance, headed by another Finnish state owned organizations Destia. Destia is best known for massive road construction and maintenance operations in Finland. With the international alliance the market operation start was successful, and now the company has about 25 - 35% market share of the railroad maintenance in Finland, VR still having the rest.

 

 

Below the logos of the international consortium can be seen on the older Ttk1 machine.

 

Destia Plasser-Theurer waiting for next asignment in Imatra, Finland  
Desstia / MVH Ttm1 number 91101 in Voikkaa, Finland after being maintenance checked Destia also has rolling stock for it's operations here a medium heavy diesel ex. test platform for the Finnish railroad manufacturers. Also other lighter diesels exist, but none compared with the Swedish Euro 3000 class diesel electrics of Railcare.

All pictures by John Mckey.
Destia Railbear 300 number 90901 in Joensuu, Finland
Part of the Destia most modern fleet are the RailBear 330 multipurpose locomotives / rail trucks. Here the unit 90901 is seen in Joensuu where it was picking up some MOW cars along with the excavator for track work a little north of the city.

Picture by John McKey.

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  Imatran veturipalvelu (Imatra locomotive service), Freight operator
Imatran Veturipalvelu's Dv15 locomotives and Move 90 , Imatra StoraEnso plant, Finland

Imatran veturipalvelu is a welcome newcomer to the Finnish freight railroading arena. It has a sizable fleet of mostly old VR type diesels on its use at Imatra Stora-Enso plant, which it serves. This plant is not just a factory, it is in fact several kilometers long!

As of June 2012, the company will bring in its own freight from the Imatrankoski yard, the first time for decades for VR not handling freight on the national network. Now the RzD takes the wagons from Russia to Imatrankoski, then VR takes over and hauls them to Imatra freight yard and further to Stora-Enso plant. Only there has IVP so far been able to handle the "last miles". Now IVP will take the freight cars from near the border area in Imatrankoski all the way to the plant. Expect to see these yellow old but well maintained locomotives on other lines too in the future.

Picture on the left by Hannu Peltola.

 

Imatran veturipalvelu Dv15 number 2001 in Imatra, Finland


Earlier absolute limits for the VR monopoly country: The IVP Dv15 is switching at the incoming switch of the Imatra freight yard on the Stora Enso plant. Now the locomotives can run freely to Imatrankoski yard about ten kilometers to the Fenno-Russian border. The trains from there carry wood chips and timber and as Russia is a big producer of raw materials for the produce hungry world.

If you are wondering why, here is a simple reason for the export from Russia: According to Transparency International Finland is the 3rd less corrupted country, where Russia is the number 142 along with Nigeria and East Timor! So to get the raw materials processed it is better to take them where operating businesses is possible.

 

   More on Imatra Locomotive Service...

Imatran Veturipalvelu's Dv15 locomotive "Otto" number 2000, Imatra StoraEnso plant, Finland  

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  Pääkaupunkiseudun Junakalusto Oy (Helsinki metropolitan are trains), Local passenger operator
The Junakalusto Sm5 unit 04 in Malmi, Helsinki, Finland

Junakalusto (PJK, JK) owns a expanding fleet of class Sm5 Flirt trains for use in Helsinki Metropolitan area. The company is owned by Helsinki area largest cities Helsinki, Espoo and Vantaa combined 60% while the state railway operator VR-Yhtyma owns the 40%.

Junakalusto has ordered 41 4 module Flirt trains from Stadler Rail AG of Switzerland and these should be delivered by the end of 2014. It remains to be seen when the hoods of the newest trains to be delivered will change to European Union 2012 crash norms conforming designs. The current attractive Flirt design is not EU 2012 norm crash proof.

There is a need for around 150 new EMU units around Helsinki area, so 41 trains are just the beginning of orders for the Junakalusto.

 

Commuters and Flirt trains at helsinki Main, early morning dash to work

 

JK Sm5 007 with lots of snow in Kerava, Finland  

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  VR-Yhtymä Oy - National passenger and freight operator, MOW operations, buses and trucks
VR-Yhtyma Sr2 numbers 3205 and 3225 at Helsinki Main, Finland

VR-Yhtymä is the Finnish state owned railroad conglomerate. The company is best known for its services to forest industries and the IC passenger services on the national rail networks. It also has a multitude of other functions and provides MOW services for Finland, Sweden and Estonia. VR buses operate mostly around Helsinki area and trucks serve long distance forest industry transportation, actually competing with their mother company.

The VR still has around 100% of the national rail network freights and even 100% of the national passenger services. In international traffic VR is partnering with the mighty Russian railways RzD. The companies also have a joint venture Karelian Trains with its Allegro Pendolino fleet.

VR-Yhtymä has for long made almost zero profit but with gradual modernization of the structures has been able to invest in new rolling stock. The passenger traffic has been growing with steady several percentage points every year, so new rolling stock is regularly needed to fulfill the needs in the sector. Next investments will be in electric and diesel locomotives to replace the obsolete ones, investment for driving trailers and new IC2 coaches. The freight car modernization is also a long term project.

VR Sm4 unit 6325/6425 in Tikkurila, Vantaa, Finland


The VR-Yhtymä reputation is mainly at least fair, in parts excellent, but in the Helsinki metropolitan area the company has suffered major setbacks. You have to understand this mirroring it to the decisions taken 20 years ago in not investing to Helsinki area rolling stock. This ultimately lead to deteriorating service levels due to failing old and obsolete rolling stock. The focus areas regional and national level traffic are faring much better.

   

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© 4rail.net Railroad Reference 2004 - 2012   -   Recreated 8.5.2011 John McKey, Updated 25.5.2012