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3m62u in Sortavala Russia

LG 2M62 number 0210 in Panevezys, Lithuania

LDZ 2M62U number 0093 in Salaspils. Latvia

RzD 2M62 unit 0522 in Vainikkala, Finland

PKP Cargo St44 number 1209 in Korsze, Poland
PKP Cargo St44 number 1231 and SM42 number 872 in Elblag, Poland

PKP Cargo St44 number 1231 and SM42 number 872 in Elblag, Poland

Finland RdZ 2M62 number 0605 locomotive in Vainikkala, Finland

Eastern 2M62, 3M62 and M62 Diesel Locomotives
2M62 and M62 types were built in thousands for Soviet Union from 1960s to as late as 1980s. Type was used and still is for the main line heavy haul duties with coal, oil and lumber transportation.

2M62 is a double diesel-electric locomotive for heavy freight duties where the single unit M62 is used for several duties mainly on the freight side, including switching on rail yards. Of the many surviving 2M62 and M62 locomotives a great number are rebuilt with modern prime movers extending their life span a decade or two.

Type 2M62 and M62 can be found today mainly on the ex. eastern block countries including Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Russia itself and outside the ex. block in the immediate border area of Finland. Surprisingly, this type is completely missing from Estonia.

Below one of the "extremes", a 3M62 locomotive found in Sortavala, Russian Karelia. 3 modernized M62 units are coupled together to create a formidable powerhorse of 4500 kW, if engined by original prime movers. The U on the plate at front stands for refurbished unit. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.
3m62u in Sortavala Russia

M62, 2M62 and 3M62
Let's start by defining the different locomotives and their technical details. Details for M62 also include subclasses like ST44 of Poland.

  Technical Info on M62 / M62K / ST44 Locomotives...
  Technical Info on 2M62 / 2M62U / 3M62 Locomotives...


Operators
M62, M62K, ST44, 2M62 and 3M62 operators are still numerous. On many units the prime movers have been changed to new ones.

  • LDZ - Latvian Railways
  • LG - Lithuanian Railways
  • Mongolian Railways
  • PKP Cargo of Poland
  • RZD - Russian Railways

 








Created for 4rail.net by John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo and John McKey.







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An RzD 2Te116 number 1020 is rolling towards Fenno-Russian border with empties in Imatra, Finland
Russian diesel locomotive page catalogs a number of huge unusual diesels. Take a look here!

An RzD 2Te116 number 1020 is rolling towards Fenno-Russian border with empties in Imatra, Finland
Heavy 2Te116 diesels are often associated to heaviest Russian transportation.


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Technical Details for 2M62 ///

  The 2M62 Technical Details

LG 2M62 number 0210 in Panevezys, Lithuania

LG 2M62U number 0383 in Kaunas, Lithuania

RzD 2M62 unit 0522 in Vainikkala, Finland

RzD 2M62 unit 0522 in Vainikkala, Finland

LDZ 2M62C at Adazi, Latvia with an oil can train

The 2M62 locomotive is synonymous to Soviet railroading as thousand were both built and in very active use. The remaining 2M62 and M62 locomotives come in numerous variants. On this section we will try to take a closer look at the original models and some variations. When you find another one, please let us know and send us a message!


Easy recognition for 2M62 / 2M62U
-> Rounded well designed and proportioned nose.
-> 2 x 3 axles + 2 x 3 axles double diesel with single cab at both ends
-> Front has 2M62 or 2M62U texts plus number
-> The most common color still seems to be forest / camouflage green



Technical details for type 2M62

-> Type: 2M62, with possibly U, M and K as additional letters
-> Builder: Lugansk Locomotive Factory in today's Ukraine
-> Usage: Heavy road freight locomotive
-> Users: LDZ (Latvian Railways), LG (Lithuanian Railways), Russian Railways RZD, ...
-> Seen in: Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Russia, Ukraine, ...


-> Production dates: 1965 - 1994 (Soviet period model)
-> Numbers built: over 1000
-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft)

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine: Kolomna type 14D40 V-12, 2 stroke, turbocharged 

-- Many reenginings and refurbishings have happened
-- common model after refurbishing is often Kolomna 2D49
-> Power output: 2 x 1470 kW = 2860 kW (3835 hp) at 750 rpm (Kolomna 14D40 diesels)
-> Transmission: Diesel electric, DC
-> Track motors: ETM type ED107A or ED118A 193 kW track motors.

-> Tractive Effort: 315 kN start (70’815 lbf)
-> Wheel arrangement: Co'Co' + Co'Co'
-> Maximum operational speed: 100 km/h (62 mph), typical freights running very slow

-> Length: 17,55 m x 2
-> Height: 4,5 m
-> Width: 2,95 m
-> Weight: 2 x 120 metric tons, 2 x 126 tons for 2M62U
-> Axle weight: 20 / 21 tons

-> Train control systems: Russian
-> Multiple operations capacity with: type
-> Couplers: SA3 (Willison coupler)


-> Notes:
  -- By2015 it looks obvious 2M62 locomotives will be next to be either phased out or rebuilt. In many areas these formidable contraptions can not be foudn anyt more, in others they are still going strong.


Pictures
 
This 2M62 in still typical Soviet coloring is hauling a tank train through Panevezys in Lithuania. Looking at the tops of the locomotive modules there are signs of rebuilding and the paint is quit fresh too. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

   Another interestingly colored unit this is actually one of the Lithuanian LG fleet of 2M62Us. Here the late production model loco is seen idling in Kaunas, Lithuania.

   RZD (Russian Railways) still operates a sizable fleet of 2M62s. Here the 2M62 unit 0522 has just brought oil freight across the Fenno-Russian border in Vainikkala, Finland and is coupling to a return freight at the Eastern departures yard. Even when the locomotive is idling, it is pushing smoke. This is probably not because of the engine itself, but the poor quality of diesel fuel Russians use in these.

  Another 2M62 unit is seen here preparing to couple to return freight from Vainikkala, Finland to Vyborg and beyond in Russia. Vyborg used to be part of Finland, and was the liveliest and largest city in Finland until WW2, when Red Army tanks rolled over the Finnish defences. City also has a sizable castle, as many places near East-West border lines.

  Latvian LDZ 2M62US number 0118 is rolling freely with a rake of tank cars on its approach to Riga and oil harbor for transloading. LDZ is one of the last large scale users of this older Soviet diesel. All are rebuilt. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.





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Technical Details for M62

  M62 Technical Details

LG M62K number 1597 with a work train at Jure, Lithuania

LG M62K number 1597 with a work train at Jure, Lithuania

Lithuanian railways M62K unit 1229 in Panevezys. Lithuania

LG Tep70 number 332 and M62K number 1131 hauling a Moscow night train, Jure, Lithuania

PKP Cargo St44 number 1209 in Korsze, Poland

PKP Cargo St44 number 1231 and SM42 number 872 in Elblag, Poland

M62 variations still can be found on many parts of the former Soviet Union rail network. Just a few years ago they were busy doing all kinds of duties from road freight or passengers services to switching, or even occasionally powering MOW trains. Now this type is slowly being pushed aside by much more ergonomic and fuel efficient road switcher type locomotives like Tem-Tmh. Yet many M62 units might survive a few more years before being rebuilt or retired.


Easy recognition for M62 / M62K
-> Rounded well designed and proportioned nose.
-> 2 x 3 axles single section diesel with double cab
-> Front has M62 or M62K texts plus number
-> The most common color still seems to be forest / camouflage green or shades of bright red.


Technical info for type M62
-> Type: M62, with possibly U, M and K as additional letters
-> Builder: Lugansk Locomotive Factory in today's Ukraine, Factory was earlier called Voroshilovgrad Locomomotive Works and still exist in some reference material.
-> Usage: Heavy switcher or generic road freight locomotive
-> Users: LDZ (Latvian Railways), LG (Lithuanian Railways), Russian Railways RZD, PKP (Polish Railways), ...
-> Seen in: Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Mongolia, Russia, Ukraine, ...

-> Production dates: 1965 - 1994 (Soviet period model)
-> Numbers built: around 3300
-> Gauge: 1520 mm (~5 ft)
-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine: Kolomna type 14D40 V-12, 2 stroke, turbocharged 
-- Reenginings, refurbishings and total rebuild are common
-- refurbished diesel engines are from many sources including Kolomna and Caterpillar
-> Power output: 1470 kW (1970 hp) at 750 rpm (Kolomna 14D40 diesels)
-> Transmission: Diesel electric, DC
-> Track motors: ETM type ED107A or ED118A 193 kW track motors.
-> Tractive Effort: 315 kN start (70’815 lbf)

-> Wheel arrangement: Co'Co'
-> Maximum operational speed: 100 km/h (62 mph), typical freights running very slow
-> Length: 17,55 m
-> Height: 4,5 m
-> Width: 2,95 m
-> Weight: 116 metric tons
-> Axle weight: 20 tons
-> Train control systems: specific to area
-> Multiple operations capacity with: type
-> Couplers: SA3 (Willison coupler)

-> Notes:
  -- For more modern form some M62s in Lithuania were rebuilt to Tem-Tmh road switrcher format.

 


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