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Eesti Energia Tem2 number 7495 in Narva, Estonia

Maardu Raudtee Tem2 operating in Marrdu, Tallinn, Estonia

PRG Tem2 number 552 working in Valga, Estonia

Eurodexenergy switcher fleet at Muuga Sadam in Estonia

Eesti Raudtee Tsem3 number 1337 sitting idle at Tarto, Estonia




Eastern Tem2 Diesel Locomotives
Tem2 is probably the most common Eastern switcher locomotive. Thousands of machines are still in use despite rebuilding and replacing programs being active. This is also a machine just about all startup operators in East can afford.
Eesti Energia Tem2 number 7495 in Vaivara, Estonia
For Tem2 Soviet medium switchers, two distinctive body types exist, the latter is above, all previous machines being built with the rounder shape you find in some of the pictures on the left.

Tem2 was and still is synonymous for switching the huge trains Soviet period road diesels bring to arrivals yards and forming trains in these. With almost 10’000 units built since 1960 you can easily spot several subtypes and later rebuilds and modifications once you start looking. And of course you can recognize the Alco RSD copy origins of the loco. Tem2 was copied from the units U.S. donated to Soviet Union in effort to stop it from collapsing during the WW2. With U.S. origins the locomotives have proved to be unusually sturdy and second and third hand markets for easy entering to Estonian rail business have emerged.  

Easy recognition
-> Often bluish 6 axle road switcher looking locos on rail yards (you will always find this model easily once you spot where the traffic is flowing) 
-> Cab near the other end of the locomotive
-> Road numbers are often quite large and located so that they are easy to see
-> These locomotives often move quite silently


Technical Info for Tem2
-> Type: medium heavy local switcher
-> Class: Russian classification Tem2 (numerous subtypes)
-> Usage: Local switcher for much of the east European networks
-> Builder: Bryansk engineering works, Voroshilovgradsky diesel works
-> Production dates: 1960 - 1984
-> Numbers built: 6224
-> Number remaining in service: most, numerous units rebuilt
-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft), some 1435 mm

-> Users: Muuga Sadam, Sillamäe Sadam, Kohtla Jarve, ...
-> Seen: Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, much of the ex. Eastern Europe, Eastern Russia, Central Asia

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine: PD1M, 6 cylinders, turbocharged
-> Power output: 882 kW (1200 Hp)
-> Transmission: Diesel electric DC
-> Generator:
-> Traction motors: DC
-> Tractive Effort
: 372 kN start (powerful!)
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking):
-> Wheel arrangement: Co'Co'

-> Maximum operational speed: 100 km/h (62 mph)

-> length: 16,9 m
-> Height: 4,7 m
-> Width: 3,1
m

-> Weight
: 116 metric tons
-> Axle weight: 19,5 t

-> Nicknamed: Tamara, Valentyna



  Tem2 Body Designs...
  Tem2 Color Schemes...


Operators

  • LDZ - Latvian Railways
  • LG - Lithuanian Railways
  • Mongolian Railways
  • PKP Cargo of Poland
  • RZD - Russian Railways



Created for 4rail.net by John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo and John McKey.







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  Tem2 Body Designs

Eesti Energia Tem2 number 7495 in Vaivara, Estonia

Eesti Energia Tem2 number 7495 in Narva, Estonia

Maardu Raudtee Tem2 operating in Marrdu, Tallinn, Estonia

Sillamäe Sadam Tem2 locomotive, Sillamäe, Estonia

Tem2 diesel switchers were manufactured in two main body designs. First was the one with rounded upper corners of the locomotive body. Later models were built with "Tem3 style" body shell with folded upper corners and edged cab tops. Despite the very different first looks of these locomotives they actually are quite similar once you start looking at the outside visible component level. Noticeable is that on units gone through rebuilding (many have been) there are only subtle differences to main appearance of this very common heavy switcher.

 



  and   Looking at the Tem2 number 7495 of Eesti Energia (Estonian Energy) you see typical edged roof top and hoods. Otherwise this locomotive is very typical to late production models. The lower locomotive body was created one and the same through the whole production, as are a great majority of upper locomotive body shell details too.


   and    show well the details of the older locomotive body style. Maybe the most obvious detail, even from distance, is the round cab roof. Other unmistakeable recognition feature is the round fan at the end of the longer hood. ONce you start looking at the details, many typical features for bnoth this older model and other details that can be found on both locos are relatively easy to spot.

 






Books from our supporters

High Speed Trains 2015

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Tem2 Color Schemes

  Tem2

Eesti Raudtee Tsem3 number 1337 sitting idle at Tarto, Estonia

Maardu Raudtee Tem2 operating in Marrdu, Tallinn, Estonia

For a Russian switcher locomotive of this age wearing bright blue with yellow or white stripe is common. Although color usage is somewaht "standard", look carefully: it is unlikely you will find two samples of exact same color usage!
 
 
   

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  Tem2 diesel electric switchers of several operators and owners


Sillamäe Sadam Tem2, Sillamäe, Estonia
Tem2 of Eesti Polevkivi, Estonia
Eurodexenergy switcher fleet at Muuga Sadam in Estonia











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© 4rail.net Railroad Reference 2004 - 2015   -   Created 13.1.2015 John McKey, Updated 29.6.2015