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Siemens AG Taurus class 1216 record braking locomotive in 2006

A special deliveried ÖBB Railjet at Landeck, Austria

Welcome to the Taurus locomotives theme page! Taurus has been one of the trend setters for today and recent past in the modern electric traction category. Powerful state of the art locomotives with an exterior design of almost a modern sportscar can be attractive to any customer! The numbers of this true multipurpose electric locomotive are so large, that you can today see these in various jobs from high speed train running to local services, long freights to overnight express trains.

Taurus Subjects on this page
This page is being developed further often, so more interesting material can be found regularly.

   Taurus ES64U2/U4 locomotives background...
   Technical details of ES64U2 and ES64U4 Taurus locos...
   Taurus hauled ÖBB Railjets...

   Pictures of Tauruses of different operators...

Taurus unit pictures
Arriva: class 183 001 * 004 *
DB: class 182 008 * 013 *
HectorRail:
MAV: class 1047 005 *
PKP Intercity: class 183 (Polish class 5370) 601 * 606 *
Slovenske železnice d.o.o.: class 541 007 *
Wiener Lokalbahn: c183 *

ÖBB:
class 1016 023 * 040 *
class 1116 015 * 045 * 104 * 200 * 218 * 249 *
class 1216 013 * 025 * 130 *



Created for 4rail.net by Ilkka Siissalo and John McKey. Pictures by Richard Oed, Peider SwissTrip, Ilkka Siissalo, Hannu Peltola and John McKey.

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ÖBB class 1216 Taurus loco is leading the EC south leaving Munich, Germany

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Taurus class 1116 at Wien southern station,  Austria Eurocity has arrived to Munich, Germany
DB class 182 dashing through the snow...Berlin, Germany ÖBB Taurus locomotive class 1216 number 013 has just arrived to Munich, Germany
ÖBB Taurus locomotive class 1016 number 023 has just arrived to Munich, Germany
   
  Older version of the page...
 

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  Siemens Mobility ES64Ux Taurus - The story and Technical Details
ÖBB Taurus locomotive class 1016 number 023 has just arrived to Munich, Germany

In the beginning of the 21st century demand for the new passenger and cargo locomotives was quickly rising. One of the most successful new locomotive families was - and still is - the Eurosprinter family, initially developed by Siemens and ADtrans (later acquired by Bombardier) together. The first really widespread cargo locomotive of this family was the German class 152. Based on the success of the Br 152 Siemens started developing a new multi purpose fast locomotive together with the Austrian state railways ÖBB. The design was modular and the dynamic new looks were designed by Porsche. The Taurus was born!  

Taurus locomotive was originally created for the needs of Austrian railways ÖBB who needed a powerful universal locomotive. ES64U2 Taurus replaced aging ÖBB locomotives of 1950s and 1960s, and survived as the winner of the many locomotive types from various manufacturers initially studied for the need. The design can be seen as unusually high quality industrial design so we must sincerely thank Siemens and ÖBB for this.

ÖBB ordered the first batch of Siemens Taurus Eurosprinter ES64U2 locomotives for solely its national traffic under 15 kV 16,7 Hz. These locomotives received classification as 1016. Class 1116 soon followed with a capability to run on 25 kV 50Hz too. Third iteration for the ÖBB brought online class 1216, which has the ability to run under 1500V DC and 3000 V DC. These machines are called ES64U4 Tauruses. The class 1216 also has substantial, though at first glance invisible design differences: you need to take a look at locos from two different classes side by side to realize how different they are and how well the differences are disguised to create an illusion to the public eye that these locomotives are alike.

Technical details for Siemens Taurus 1 and 2 (Eurosprinter 2 family)
-> Type: ES64U2 (EuroSprinter 6400kW dual power sourced: 15 kV and 25 kV)
-> Type: ES64U4 (EuroSprinter 6400kW quadruple power sourced: 1500 V and 3000 V DC, 15 kV 16,7 Hz and 25 kV 50 Hz)
-> German classes: 182 (ES64U2) and 183 (ES64U4)
-> Austrian classes: 1016 (ES64U2), 1116 (ES64U2), 1216 (ES64U4)
-> Polish class: PKP units are registered to German class 183 (ES64U4)
-> Hungarian class: 1047 (ES64U2)
-> Italian class: E190 (ES64U4)
-> Slovenian class: 541 (ES64U4)
-> Swedish locos are classifies as Hectorrail class 242 (ES64U2)

-> Usage: multipurpose medium heavy electric locomotive
-> Builder: Siemens AG, Krauss-Maffei for mechanics of class 182, ÖBB for some
-> Production dates: 1997 - 2012
-> Numbers built: > 500

-> Users:
-- DB Schenker / Regio / DB: class 182 001 - 025
-- HectorRail: class 242
-- Hupac: German class 182 xxx
-- MAV of Hungary: 470 001 - 010
-- Mittelweserbahn GmbH MRCE/Dispolok: sold away
-- ÖBB, ÖBB Railjet: 1016 001 - 050, 1116 001 - 282, 1216 001 -
-- ...
-> Seen: Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovenia, Sweden

-> Energy Source:
-- ES64U2: overhead electricity 15kV 16,7 Hz and 25kV 50 Hz
-- ES64U2: oh. electricity 1500 V and 300 V DC, 15kV 16,7 Hz and 25kV 50 Hz
-> Power output: 6400 kW (8700 Hp), momentary 7000 kW (9517 Hp)
-> Tractive Effort:
    -- 300 kN start (67'400 lbf)
    -- 250 kN (56'200 lbf) continuos (variates with speed)
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): available
-> Wheel arrangement: Bo'Bo'
-> Wheel diameter: 1150 mm as new
-> Technical details:
-- Quill drive to reduce the forces to track and make the locomotive run smoother (more comfortable to the personnel)
-> Some train control systems: ETCS, EVM, Integra-Signum, LZB, PZB 90, Sifa, ZUB

-> Gauge: all 1435 mm
-> Loading gauge: UIC 505-1

-> Maximum operational speed: 230 km/h (143 Mph),
-> record speed 357 km/h (222 mph), standing world record for electric locomotives

-> Length: 19,3 m
-> Heigth: 3,96 m
-> Width: 3,00 m

-> Weight:
-- ES64U2: 86 metric tons (190'000 lbs), 88 tons with ETCS added
-- ES64U4: 87 metric tons (191'800 lbs)

 

 

 

Siemens AG Taurus class 1216 hauling a Railjet train in Austria
A special deliveried ÖBB Railjet at Landeck, Austria

Alex Taurus in Munich, Germany

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  Taurus - Generations and Variations
Siemens AG Taurus class 1116 in use at ÖBB, Austria

A dear child has many names.

The first generation Taurus was of the Eurosprinter 2 family of the Siemens Mobility. It has a single electric system fo 16 kV 16,6 Hz and is known as the class 1016 in Austria and class 182 in Germany. The first Taurus was soon followed by a further development. The second generation Taurus (still a second generation Eurosprinter), ÖBB class 1116, is almost similar to the first one, but with the added capability to run on (Hungarian) 25 kV 50Hz. 




  On the left: The second generation Taurus class 1116 number 045 with a traditional passenger train arriving at St Poelten (Sankt Pölten), Austria. These locomotives have both 15 kV 16,7 Hz and 25 kV 50 Hz electrical systems and can run for instance to Hungary and Slovenia. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.


  The Hungarian railways MAV Taurus class 1047 number 005 in Linz, Austria. Notice that the Austrian (early) version has 4 pantographs and the later built Slovenian version just 2.  Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.


The third generation, Austrian classification as 1216, appeared with slightly modified looks. This new locomotive has slightly different outlook, when you start looking carefully. Actually after a while you start thinking that _everything_ has been developed further! The class 1216 is a 4 system locomotive, also capable of running on 1,5 and 3 kV DC lines for example in Slovenia and Italy along with the 15 kV and 25 kV AC lines. Among other things it can be recognized easiest from the previous generation Tauri by the doors at the cab sides right behind the cab windows. The first two Taurus generations only have a door at the middle of the locomotive. The move of the doors had to be made because of the European Union safety regulations.

   
 ÖBB and the Taurus Locomotives
For the ÖBB (Austrian Railways) alone, Siemens has built 50 class 1016, 282 class 1116 and 50 class 1216 Taurus locomotives! The newest, class 1216 has a maximum operational speed of 230 km/h (143 Mph), The starting maximum tractive effort of 300 kN, 6400 kW (8700 hp) power rating, a weight of 87 tons and a length of 19,6 metres. All the Tauri are Bo'Bo' type 4 axle locos.

One of the class 1216 locomotives also was chosen to set the new world record of 357 km/h.
[Picture]

 

Some class letters and numbers of the different Taurus locomotives
1st generation
Austrian ÖBB Br 1016, German DB Br 182, Siemens product type ES 64 U (=EuroSprinter 6400 kW universal locomotive)


2nd generation
ÖBB Br 1116, Hungarian MAV and GySEV class 1047, Siemens type ES 64 U2


3rd generation
ÖBB Br 1216, Slovenian railways SZ class 541, German  Br 183, Italian
class E190, Polish class 168, Siemens type ES 64 U4.



  Picture on the left: Polish PKP Taurus class 168 number 606 (Siemens third generation Taurus loco) is crossing the bridge in Warsaw, Poland.

Polish PKP Taurus class 168 number 606 crossing the bridge in Warsaw, Poland
Polish PKP Taurus registered as German class 183 number 601 Polish PKP Taurus registered as German class 183 number 601
  This PKP Intercity Taurus 3 has been registered to Germany as class 183.    Another angle to the 601 on display at the trade fair.

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Taurus Unit pictures

Alex of Arriva

  Alex class 183 number 001
Alex Taurus in Munich, Germany

The Arriva Alex Taurus 183 001 is the first Taurus registered to class 183 in Germany. It ran from its manufacturing year 2007 until 2010 in normal Alex blue-white livery and got the current vinyls and paintings then celebrating the 175 of railroading in Germany.

Here the handsome locomotive is seen in front of the regional train in Munich, Germany.

Picture by Richard Oed.

 

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  Alex class 183 number 004
Arriva Praque express, Munich, Germany

A more traditional Alex painted Taurus 183 004 located almost at the same place as the above unit. The train departing from Munich is Arriva's Praque express.

Picture by Richard Oed.

 

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Deutsche Bahn

  DB class 182 number 008
DB class 182 dashing through the snow...Berlin, Germany

There is a heavy snow fall in Berlin as the DB Regio used Taurus class 182 number 008 pulls a rake of local passenger coaches past the local station. This goes effortlessly, despite the flying snow.

Pictures by Hannu Peltola.

 

DB class 182 dashing through the snow...Berlin, Germany

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  DB class 182 number 013
DB class 182 number 013, Messe Süd, Berlin, Germany

Taurus class 182 number 013 of DB Regio is seen here pushing a local passenger service past Messe Süd station in Berlin, Germany. These are now quite commonly seen in this duty around Berlin regional traffic. The coaching here always seems to consist of the Bombardier double decked trailers. At the toher end of the train is the Bombardier double decked driving trailer.

Pictures by John McKey.

 

 

 

DB class 182 number 013, Messe Süd, Berlin, Germany

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MAV of Hungary

  MAV class 1047 number 005

There Arriva Alex Taurus 183 001 is the first Taurus registered to class 183 in Germany. It ran from its manufacturing year 2007 until 2010 in normal Alex blue-white livery and got the current vinyls and paintings then celebrating the 175 of railroading in Germany.

Here the handsome locomotive is seen in front of the regional train in Munich, Germany.

Picture by Richard Oed.

 

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PKP Intercity

  PKP Intercity class 183 number 601
Polish PKP Taurus registered as German class 183 number 601

There Arriva Alex Taurus 183 001 is the first Taurus registered to class 183 in Germany. It ran from its manufacturing year 2007 until 2010 in normal Alex blue-white livery and got the current vinyls and paintings then celebrating the 175 of railroading in Germany.

Here the handsome locomotive is seen in front of the regional train in Munich, Germany.

Picture by Richard Oed.

 

Polish PKP Taurus registered as German class 183 number 601

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  PKP Intercity class (6)183 number 606
Polish PKP Taurus class 168 number 606 crossing the bridge in Warsaw, Poland

A PKP Intercity 183 606 ES64U4 Taurus crossing a bridge in Warzaw, Poland.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

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Slovenske  železnice d.o.o.

  Taurus - Slovenian class 541 number 007 (Siemens Mobility ES64U4-B2)
Slovenske železnice d.o.o Taurus of class 541 in Leseblec, Slovenia

Here is another attractive Taurus seen in the Slovenske železnice colors. Unit 007 of the clas 541 fleet is of ES64U4 model.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

 

   

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Wiener Lokalbahn

  Taurus - Slovenian class 541 number 007 (Siemens Mobility ES64U4-B2)
Wiener Lokalbahn class 183 Taurus in Hamburg, Germany

Wiener Lokalbahn Cargo GmbH owned German class 183 Taurus number 704 awaiting for the departure time in front of a container train in Hamburg, Germany.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

 

Wiener Lokalbahn class 183 Taurus in Hamburg, Germany

 

Wiener Lokalbahn class 183 Taurus in Hamburg, Germany

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ÖBB

  Taurus - ÖBB 1016 number 023 (Siemens Mobility ES64U2)
ÖBB Taurus locomotive class 1016 number 023 has just arrived to Munich, Germany

The ÖBB class 1016 is advertising here "Österreichs Grüne Schiene", the Austria Green Rails. This livery really fits the unit for a change instead of the usual variations of red.

Picture by Richard Oed.

 

 

   

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  Taurus - ÖBB 1016 number 040 (Siemens Mobility ES64U2)

Eurosprinter Taurus class 1016 of Austria seen stopping at Bregenz with a coach train. The unit is owned by ÖBB, the Austrian railways. Notice the old type of logo from early 2000s.

Despite the shared "Porche" look, the product development has come far ahead from these initial days of the locomotive use. If you look at the newer Taurus beside the older, at first looks they look quite the same but if you pay a closer look, you start picking up significant differences one by one.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

 

   

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  Taurus - ÖBB 1116 number 015 (Siemens Mobility ES64U2)
Taurus class 1116 at Wien southern station,  Austria

Here the Taurus ES64U2, ÖBB class 1116 number 015, stops at night in the Wien old Südbahnhof in Austria.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

 

   

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  Taurus - ÖBB 1116 number 045 (Siemens Mobility ES64U2)
Siemens AG Taurus class 1116 in use at ÖBB, Austria

Here the Taurus ES64U2 is arriving to St Poelten wit a coach train in 2003. The attractive red livery is already there but the logo is quite different.


Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

 

   

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  Taurus - ÖBB 1116 number 104 (Siemens Mobility ES64U2) and DB class 101 number 009
Eurocity has arrived to Munich, Germany
Unusually interesting view to the DB class 101 number 009 on the left and ÖBB Taurus class 1116 number 104 which have together brought the Eurocity train to Munich, southern Germany.,
   

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  Taurus - ÖBB 1116 number 200 (Siemens Mobility ES64U2)
Siemens AG Taurus class 1216 hauling a Railjet train in Austria

A prototype Railjet virtual EMU running tests for the upcoming service in 2007 - 2008. On the point is the ÖBB Taurus ES64U2 number 200.

Picture by Siemens Mobility.

 

 

   

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  Taurus - ÖBB 1116 number 218 (Siemens Mobility ES64U2)
Raijets in Langen, Austria

A flashy Railjet colored Taurus ES64U2 number 218 in the middle of the Railjet formation in Langen.

Picture by Peider SwissTrip.

 

 

   

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  Taurus - ÖBB 1116 number 249 (Siemens Mobility ES64U2)
A special deliveried ÖBB Railjet at Landeck, Austria

A Railjet set celebration in special colors the 175 years of railroading in Austria. Picture from Landeck.

Picture by Peider SwissTrip.

 

 

   

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ÖBB class 1216 Taurus loco is leading the EC south leaving Munich, Germany ÖBB class 1216 units, Siemens Mobility ES64U4



  Taurus - ÖBB class 1216 number 013 (Siemens Mobility ES64U4)
ÖBB Taurus locomotive class 1216 number 013 has just arrived to Munich, Germany

Another attractively colored Taurus ES64U4 locomotive has just brought the passenger service to München Hauptbahnhof and has been uncoupled from the front. This units is classified to Austria class 1216 and carries number 013.

Picture by Richard Oed.

 

 

   

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  Taurus - ÖBB class 1216 number 025 (Siemens Mobility ES64U4)
Siemens AG Taurus class 1216 record braking locomotive in 2006

This is the Siemens ES64U4 Taurus locomotive holding the current speed record for locomotives. It ran 357 km/h / 222 mph in September 2nd 2006.

The locomotive number in the picture was changed later to be the ÖBB Austrian class 1216 number 025 and Italian class E 190 number 025.

Picture by Siemens Mobility.

 

 

   

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  Taurus - ÖBB class 1216 number 130 (Siemens Mobility ES64U4)
ÖBB Taurus locomotive class 1216 number 130 seen here in Slovenian town of Leseblec

ÖBB Taurus ES64U4 is seen here at the Sloveninan town of Lescebled with a train load of small cars.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

 

   

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© 4rail.net Railroad Reference 2004 - 2013   -   Created 11.11.2009 John McKey, Ilkka Siissalo, Refurbished 7.9.2011 John McKey, Updated 21.9.2013