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Estonia Main Page
Estonia Main Page
Transoil 2Te166 number 1684 and another unit Narva, Estonia
RzD 2Te116u number 31 in Narva, Estonia
RzD 2Te116 number 1431 with empties in Imatra, Finland
RzD 2Te116 number 1431 in Imatra, Finland
An RzD 2Te116 number 1020 is rolling towards Fenno-Russian border with empties in Imatra, Finland
Transoil 2Te116 number1678 hauling cans in Narva, Estonia


2Te116 Ukrainian Double Diesel Locomotives
The 2te116 class has been synonymous for Russian export rail traffic for many years. Thousands of these huge double diesels have been built since 1971 in Lugansk, then Sovien Union, now part of the independent Ukraine. The model is still in production, somewhat modernized and with new main engines from General Electric and MTU, along with microprocessor controls.

While the C44s and ES44s rule in the West, the 2Te116 has been "the diesel" with a similar effect for much of the East. Similarly to U.S., Russia too still has massive amounts of unelectrified lines, so these locomotives come handy. They can also easily work on crossborder traffic between East and West (for example Baltic states or Finland, all part of EU) where working overhead wires are rare. Many units like the Eesti Raudtee unit on the left still remain operating the 1520 mm / 5' gauge network outside Russia. With Lugansk active in locomotive building it is likely that further modernizations to the model will occur with time. These are necessary as the model age is really showing on this design.

2Te116 Subtypes
There are several variations of this highly favored locomotive. We will next take a look at these. As with many locomotives manufactured for decades also 2Te116 has had some gradual developments made since Soviet Union collapsed. As many 2Te116 units seem to suffer from overheating problems (and running all windows, hatches and doors open) there has been some work to make cooling more efficient. Most visible new development in early 2000s was the dynamic brake section addition behind the cab. As usual in Russian style coding, the locomotive model was designated as version 2Te116M. Engine improvements started around year 2010. As usual the Russian reference sources have wild errors in their desription so it is hard to piece exact picture here. But for private operators, many of which are located in Russia too, the Ukrainian Lugansk works builds models to need, either upgraded as in most cases, or occasionally severely donwgraded models, obviously to save initial costs. New cabs have also been istalled since 2007. These are easily recogniced from the backward sloping forehead instead of the hideous old Soviet design. Though the Russian Kolomna diesel is still often used, there have been batches built with modern General Electric and MTU diesels too.

Operators
You might be surprised to find out that there are numerous operators for this type today.

  • Eesti Raudtee / EVR Cargo (Estonia)
  • ERS / Vopak AoA (Estonia, Russia)
  • Mongolian Railways
  • ПромТрансМенеджмент (Russia, 2 downgraded units)
  • RzD, Russian Railways (Russia, border areas outside)
  • Sillamäe Sadam
  • Skinest Rail
  • Spacecom
  • Transoil (currently Russia)
  • Ukrzaliznytsia (Ukraine)
  • plus possibly many more

While RzD (Russian Railways) units often look like the proper overhauls have been neglected, private companies typically maintain their precious production machines much better. Of course the age of the older machines shows even here, but somehow it seems like the 2Te116 fleet just keep going year after year.

Although decades of use have passed, you will still find numerous 2Te116 locomotives on a number of countries on the 1520 mm or 1524 mm (5 ft) gauge area. Huge double diesels are an impressive sight and hard to miss anywhere where they are used. The configurations of the unit are sometimes just Te116, 99% 2Te116 and occasionally even 3Te116. Some units are rebuilt (most with letter M at the end of the type plate), but curiously these might be in a worse shape than their original condition sisters. The units with the letter U, or Russian "y" are of a newer batch. The newer model "UM" has an extra radiator atop the area directly behind the cab.

Many of the older units in use have been painted on so many times, there must be an inch of it paint of them.


2Te116 Technical Details


Roster Info

Eesti Raudtee / EVR Cargo: EVR-1435+1437 * EVR-1438+1442 * EVR-1441-144x *
ERS / Vopak: 2Te116-0973 * 2Te116-0974 * 2Te116-1034 *
RzD: 2Te116-075 * 2Te116-089 * 2Te116K-1020 * 2Te116-1270 * 2Te116-1431 * 2Te116-1566 * 2Te116U-0031 *
Sillamäe Sadam: 2Te116-1667 *
Skinest Baltia:
Spacecom: 2Te116-1050 * 2Te116-1698 *
Transoil: 2Te116-0586 * 2Te116-0635 * 2Te116-0696 * 2Te116-0700 * 2Te116-1678 * 2Te116-1684 *




Created for 4rail.net by John McKey. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo, Hannu Peltola and John McKey.



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Also in this section
3m62u in Sortavala Russia

Heavy 2M62 and 3M62 diesels still rule the country in many parts of Eastern Europe.



 

 
 
 
 
 
   
 

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Technical Details for 2Te116

  The 2Te116 Technical Details

An RzD 2Te116 number 1020 is rolling towards the Fenno Russian border with empties in Imatra. Finland
A Transoil 2Te116 outside Tallinn, EstoniaA Transoil 2Te116 in narva, EstoniaSpacecom 2Te116 number 1698 in Estonia
RzD 2Te116u in Narva, Estonia

Always present 2Te116 locomotives today form the backbone of Russian nonelectrified lines freight haulage. Well over 2000 double units have been built and the building continues, some models today running with MTU or GE diesel main engines. This does not seem to help the smoking tendency, so supposingly this is caused by the inferior Russian fuel, not only the much run diesel and little maintained engines.

The story of the 2Te116 locomotive started well inside the Soviet period of Russia in 1971, so this sheds some light to almost monstrous looks of these road giants. The model replaced manufacturing of the 2M62 locomotives and some older “Te” locos. Also the passenger version called 2Te10 was developed. This can be easily identified even from the distance with its high exhaust stacks. Recently the product line has finally seen some progress both with slight design changes towards more normal appearance (the forehead now slopes backwards) and the prime movers inside. Especially the numerous Russian private operators also have been taking good care of their production fleets so many older and newer 2Te116s appear much like their Western counterparts today.

Power on 2Te116 is divided to two modules. This provides both the needed horse power and adequate failure resistance. If you take a look at some solutions like the plates shielding the air intakes in the middle of the loco some solutions look hopefully obsolete. Yet these monster have well taken their place Russian railroading and served well for several decades so far.


Easy recognition
-> Look at the front, there is nothing quite like it, it appears to be leaning forward
-> 2 x 3 axles + 2 x 3 axles double diesel
-> When ever you see these they seem to smoke a lot even when idling
-> Newer models have hump right behind cabs for additional fans
-> On newest y/u ending models the forehead is sloping backwards and is slightly more roundish


Technical details for type 2Te116

-> Type: 2Te116
-> Builder: OAO Luhanskteplovoz, Ukraine
-> Usage: Heavy road freight locomotive

-> Production dates: 1971 to present
-> Numbers built: 2200+, most in use
-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft)
-> Users: Eesti Raudtee (EVR), ERS (Estonian Rail Services, owned by Vopak), Russian Railways RZD, Sillamäe Sadam, Spacecom, Transoil, ... -> Seen in: Russia, Estonia, Finland, Ukraine, much of the ex. Eastern Europe and anywhere where 1520 mm gauge is common.

-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine:
-- Kolomna 1A-5D49 V16, 4 stroke (16CHN26/26),
-- Kolomna 1A-5D49-2 V16, 4 stroke (16CHN26/26),
-- Some y/u units are MTU powered
-- Some newest y/u units have GE evolution series 12 cylinder diesel and traction generators inside

-> Power output: 2 x 2250 kW (3017 Hp) at 1000 rpm (Kolomna diesels)
-> Transmission: Diesel electric, DC
-> Alternator: unknown
-> Traction motors: DC, ETM type ED-107A, 12 x 305kW, later types ED-118A, ED-118B, ED-118D and ED-125B
-> Tractive Effort: 399 kN start (80’700 lbf)
-> Wheel arrangement: Co'Co' + Co'Co'
-> Wheel diameter: 1050 mm
-> Maximum operational speed: 100 km/h (62 mph), typical freight running much slower

-> Length: 18,15m x 2
-> Height: 5,3 m
-> Width: 3,1 m
-> Weight: 2 x 138 metric tons
-> Axle weight: 23 tons

-> Train control systems: Russian
-> Multiple operations capacity with: type
-> Couplers: SA3

Notes:
-- This type is often seen in Russia and neighboring countries, in Finland only in the immediate vicinity of the border because of concerns of the effect to track



 
This light green 2Te116 unit was found in Finland near Imatra border area. For the moment it was pulling empty log cars back to the Russian side. Running in the hot weather for the Northern latitude you can notice that all the wents, many windows and even doors are open to better went out the extra heat.

   An example of very typical and very well taken care early 2Te116. This is one unit of the formidable fleet of Russian private operator Transoil. Their trains currently run no further than St Petersburg from Siberia. Earlier crossborder traffic to Estonian harbors was commonplace.

   Another Transoil 2Te116 in Narva. Heavy rain is no obstacle for unit 635 on its way back to Siberia from Narva, Estonia. The distance is several thousand kilometers for the locomotive and train to run. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

   Spacecom (nothing to do with space) used to be a major lessor of 2Te116s. Here their unit 1698 is seen somewhere in Northern Estonia with oil cans in tow. Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

  RZD 2Te116U number 031, one of the newer fleet, is pushing a few notches on throttle to move back across the border line from Narva, Estonia to Ivangorod, Russia. Across the border and behind two bridges to span the Narva river there is another sizable rail yard for border traffic locomotive changes. Strange how the Russian fuels always seem to create some much smoke...even TIER 2 must be decaders away here.




 

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Roster Info for 2Te116

  2Te116 number 075 of RzD

Anotehr 2Te116 in Sortavala

A very early version of the design, an RzD 2Te116 number 075 is seen here at depot near Sortavala, Russia. It is parked waitingfor new assignments, but missing snow meaning it is udes regularly.

The unit looks relatively well maintained considering its age and the use. Maybe there is a person responsible for maintaining this, like wee see how some Western companies work. An ingenious way to use human sense of responsibility and offer that human somewhat better working conditions.

Note the Russsian style witre antenna spanning the roof of the foremost section.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.


   

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  2Te116 number 089 of RzD

RzD 2Te116 number 089 in Narva Estonia

Another very early 2Te116 unit number 089 is seen here at Narva, Estonia locomotive parking spot pushing smoke to the air. For some reason Russia uses lower grade oil products itself ro the refining process might be defective. This leads to huge diesel locomotives often billowing sweet smelling smoke like stema locomoptives would. Though this picture was taken in 2008, the smoking effect still remains to some extent.

This monsterous double diesel locomotive is RzD's reliable work horse. It takes large tank trains across the border and towardss their destination inside Russia. In Estonia these trains are pulled by EVR Cargo (Eesti Raudtee) or one of the numerous private companies. Typically the tank trains from Narva run to Muuga, Paldiski or Sillamäe harbors if they are transporting oil products. It is also possible, that they might be split to sections and emptied at dozens of local oil terminals in Estonia.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.


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  2Te116 number 0586 of Transoil

Transoil 2Te166 number 0586 in Kehra Estonia

The early 2Te116 number 0586 in the picture is accelerating and can be seen blowing sand on the rails after it has passed a crowded passenger platform in Kehra, Estonia. The train is returning to Siberia from the port of Muuga just East of Tallinn.

Around year 2010 Transoil, a sizable private carrier in Russia, had a lot of crossborder can traffic mainly to Muuga oil harbor. Since then Russia has built immense terminals in the vicinity of St Petersburg so today these trains run there. This is part of the Russian move to secure their own work places and creating jobs by doing themselves as much as possible. While many other can trains still cross the Estonian eastern border it looks like none of these are operated by Transoil any more.

Both pictures by Sally McKey.


Transoil 2Te166 number 0586 in Kehra Estonia  

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  2Te116 number 0635 of Transoil

Transoil 2Te116 number 0635 in Narva Estonia

Soaking in the rain with its crew in Narva Estonia Transoil 2Te116 number 0696 prepares to take the empty can train across the border for another fill up to Siberia. Narva at the time was practically swarming with Transoil 2Te116 diesel locomotion.

Picture by John McKey.


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  2Te116 number 0696 of Transoil

A Transoil 2Te116 outside Tallinn, Estonia

The Transoil 2Te116 unit 696 is idling in Muuga near Tallinn, Estonia before coupling to another string of empties to be hauled across Northern Estonia to Narva-Ivangorod border crossing to Russia and then to Siberia.

Picture by John McKey.


Details of the Transoil 2Te166 number 0696, pictured in Muuga. Estonia
The side profile of the older type of the 2te116.

Picture by John McKey.
The builders plate of the Transoil 2Te166 number 0696, pictured in Muuga. Estonia
And the builders plate of the unit. It shows the unit was built in 1981 in the Soviet Union.

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  2Te116 number 0700 of Transoil

Transoil 2Te116 in Muuga near Tallinn Estonia waiting for assignments

Another Transoil unit, 2Te116 number 0700 is idling near Muuga harbor before new assignments. The locomotive has just filled its own oil tanks with diesel oil from the industrial area next to rail yard. After lots of time 2Te116 backs up to pick up tens of Russian oil cars.

Pictures by John McKey.


Transoil 2Te116 in Muuga near Tallinn Estonia waiting for assignments  
Transoil 2Te116 in Muuga near Tallinn Estonia waiting for assignments

And finally the cans are coupled to the unit and the train can start looping back towards East. In the background can be seen a local train control tower of Muuga area.

 

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  2Te116 EVR-Cargo Units 1435 + 1437

Eesti Raudtee 2Te116 units 1435 and 1437 hauling empty cans at Tarto, Estonia

EVR Cargo current scheme painted 2Te1116 EVR numbers 1435 and 1437 are approaching tartu with a line of cans in tow. The train is probably on its way from Muuga to border crossing south of here.

Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo.


EVR Cargo units 1442 and 144x in Koidula, Estonia
EVR Cargo units 1442 and 144x in Koidula, Estonia

EVR Cargo units 1435 and 1437 are preparing in Koidula for a new border crossing.

Picture by John McKey.

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  2Te116 EVR-Cargo Units 1438 + 1442

EVR Cargo 2Te116 numbers 1438 and 1442 leaving Tartu, Estonia

EVR Cargo mixed colored set 2Te116 EVR numbered 1438 and 1442 are heading south at the same time as the Edelraudtee Dr1 unit.

Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo.


EVR Cargo 2Te116 numbers 1438 and 1442 leaving Tartu, Estonia
EVR Cargo 2Te116 numbers 1438 and 1442 leaving Tartu, Estonia

 

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  2Te116 EVR-Cargo Units 1441 + 144x

EVR Cargo units 1442 and 144x in Koidula, Estonia

EVR Cargo old colored faded red units 1441 and 144x between the other locomotives in Koidula, at the Estonian - Russian border station. Koidula is a new build taken into use in 2011. Though behind the border there is a sizable older yard on the Russian side, the first Estonian yard north of the line was tens of kilometers away in Tartu.

It appears that here the border crossing is made by several companies. Oil does not either seem to be the only commodity hauled.

Picture by John McKey.


EVR Cargo units 1442 and 144x in Koidula, Estonia
Side views to the heavily guarded yard.

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  2Te116 number 973 of ERS

ERS 2Te116 number 788 at Tallin Muuga departures yard, Estonia

The ERS colored 2Te116 number 973 has just filled its own fuel tanks and is ready for new assignments with the tanks cars at Muuga arrivals and departures freight yard, east of Tallinn, Estonia.

This railyard was earlier conveniently located next to 4 lane highway with bus stop to stop the car if there was something interesting to see. Today the Soveit period highway is a true smooth highway with higher speed limit and bus stop is long gone. Also the railyard is fenced practically on all sides you might wist toi take a picture from. Fortunately reaching over the fence still works.

Picture by John McKey.


ERS 2Te116 number 788 at Tallin Muuga departures yard, Estonia


The side view to the accelerating locomotive.

 

And a third and fourth shot.

ERS 2Te116 number 788 at Tallin Muuga departures yard, Estonia

ERS 2Te116 number 788 at Tallin Muuga departures yard, Estonia

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  2Te116 number 974 of ERS

ERS 2Te116 number 794 at Tallin Muuga departures yard, Estonia

The mixed ERS / Spacecom colors 2Te116 number 974 has brought a Siberian oil train to Tallinn arrivals yard. The tanks will next be taken to the harbor by local switchers and offloaded to tanker a little later.

This is an interestingly mixed colored unit while the old Spacecom (nothing to do with space) units with faded blue and orange stripe were painted over. Earlier Spacecom acted as an owned of a locomotive leasing fleet in Estonia and Russia. The company even tried to enter Finland but with little success as Finland is a monopoly railroad state just like Belarus on the other side of Estonia.

Picture by John McKey.


 
 

 

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  2Te116 number 1020 of RzD (the Russian railways)

An RzD 2Te116 number 1020 is rolling towards the Fenno Russian border with empties in Imatra. Finland

A light faded green colored RzD 2Te116 number 1020 was rolling downhill with an empty pulpwood train on a hot summers day. In a few minutes it will pass from the Finnish side across the border to Russia.

Notice that all (every one of them) the vents are open, even doors and windows. It must be pretty hot inside the loco.

This locomotive is of sub class 2Te116K that shoudl not exist according to common data. Yet, if you click the picture you can clearly see the letter K after 2Te116 plate at the front. Russian style coding normally goes in number sequence, so this is one of the older units.

Picture by John McKey.


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  2Te116 number 1034 of ERS

ERS 2Te116 number 1034 nose, Koidula, Estonia

Estonian Railway Services / Vopak AOA 2Te116 number 1034 is seen here in Koidula with a bunch of other diesels all pushing more or less smoke when the motors are idling.

Pictures by John McKey.


EVR 2Te116 units  at Koidula yard, Estonia
 

 

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  2Te116 number 1050 of SpaceCom

Spacecom 2Te116 number 1050, Muuga. Estonia

A leasing company SpaceCom light bluish 2te116 number 1050 is seen here in Muuga near Tallinn, Estonia between the assignments.

It is obvious, but of course not sure, that this diesel now has been sold to some other operator.

Picture by John McKey.


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  2Te116 number 1270 of RzD

RzD 2Te116 number 1270 in Narva. Estonia

Interesting light greenish colored RzD 2Te116 number 1270 is seen at Narva arrivals and departures yard with a train of empty hoppers to be taken to the Russian side from Estonia. This is a locomotive change point for taking trains across the border. Most of the crossborder traffic today is handled by Russian operator RZD (the Russian Railways) while private operators play much smaller role here in Narva.

Picture by John McKey.


Narva departures yard. Estonia

 

A better view to the loong train behind the RzD 2te116 number 1270.

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  2Te116 number 1366 of RzD ///

ERS 2Te116 number 1366 stopping to Tartu, Estonia

The Spacecom colored ERS 2Te116 unit number 1366 is braking to stop here at Tartu station, Estonia. The tanks are most likely filled with the Russian export oil.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.


ERS 2Te116 number 1366 stopping to Tartu, Estonia

 

 

ERS 2Te116 number 1366 stopping to Tartu, Estonia  

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  2Te116 number 1431 of RzD

RzD 2Te116 number 1431 in Imatra, Finland

Another RdZ 2Te116s has just brought forest industry load to Imatra, Finland ans is backing away from the arrivals yard there.

Bu now you have probabaly noticed, that not two of the RzD 2Te116 units are painted alike!

Picture by Hannu Peltola.


RzD 2Te116 number 1431 with empties in Imatra, Finland


The return load to Russia is an impressive train of wood chip empties.

Picture by Hannu Peltola.

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  2Te116 number 1566 of RzD

RzD 2Te116 number 1566 in Imatra Finland

Another one of the numerous 2Te116s of the mighty Russian RzD. The unit 1566 is pulling pulpwood cars around 10 miles in the Finnish soil in Imatra. The cars will be left there, sorted out by Finnish VR-Yhtyma and pulled to one of the numerous paper mills in the area.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.


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  2Te116 number 1667 of Sillamäe Sadam

Sillamäe Sadam 2Te116 number 1667

A truly unusal finding, the Sillamäe Sadam (Estonia) 2Te116 number 1667 seems totally out of place for such a small sea port. It is possible this unit is currently back in another companies colors as the need for such a high horse power solution seems unlikely for this use, except temporarily in 2007.

Note the dynamic brake housing just behind cabs on this unit.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo 2007.


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  2Te116 number 1678 of Transoil

Transoil 2Te116 number 1678 in Narva

The Transoil 2Te116 number 1678 is one of the commonly seen locomotives transporting mainly oil from Russia to Estonian port of Muuga (near Tallinn). Notice the additional structures above the cab well visible from this angle. In th front are the double airconditioning units and behind those a large additional radiator for dynamic braking, a standard issue for the newer 2Te116s.

Here Transoil 2Te116-1678 is seen in Narva, preparing to cross the border East.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.


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  2Te116 number 1684 of Transoil

Transoil 2Te166 number 1684 and another unit Narva, Estonia

The Transoil 2Te116 number 1684 and another newer unit are waiting for the lights to take the huge tank train across the border to Russia from Narva, Estonia.

Here the dynamic brake bulge is missing from the front unit, but is located at the rooftop of the coupled second unit.

Picture by Hannu Peltola.


Transoil 2Te166 number 1684 and another unit Narva, Estonia


Another view to the units motoring away. In the background another similar transoil train behind and older unit and furthest back one the the Eesti Raudtee C36-7is.

Picture by Hannu Peltola.

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  2Te116 number 1698 of Spacecom Leasing

Spacecom 2Te116 number 1698 in Estonia

A now almost disappeared color scheme that was earlier very usual can be found on this Spacecom unit. The Spacecom after some years of running locomotives itself decided to lease its 2Te116s instead. Today these can be found in numerous color schemes, sometimes even two schemes in one double diesel!

Latest news on Spacecom today are that the company seems to specialize on rolling stock maintenance.

Notice the radiator hump behind the cab signifying a newer 2Te116 unit with dynamic brakes.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.


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2Te116U Locomotives

  2Te116U number 031 of RZD

RzD 2Te116u in Narva, Estonia

A .


RzD 2Te116u in Narva, Estonia

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© 4rail.net Railroad Reference 2004 - 2014   -   Created 2007 John McKey, Ilkka Siissalo, Refurbished 14.10.2011 John McKey, Updated 5.11.2014