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|4rail.net - Reference - Rolling stock - Tep70|
Tep70 is the most succesfull passenger locomotive on the eastern side of the European continent. It can be found almost anywhere on the 1520mm rail networks. Although production started in the late Soviet era and was halted for years, new orders have been recieved recently and the BS version of this robust model is manufactured again to meet the customer demand.
Here a typically bright paint schemed Tep70 number 15043987 (Kolomensky Savod production model 0398) of the Russian Railways Rzd in Narva Estonia waiting for new assignments in late 2007. Note the curtains in the cabins! To see the larger version, please click the picture.
Tep70 replaced the earlier model Tep60 in production. The Soviet Union bought a Hawker Siddeley "Kestrel" locomotive in 1971, tested it, dismantled it into pieces and further tested the parts. The Tep70 prototype to copy the test locomotive was put together in 1973, but needed several modifications to cab windows, bogies, gear arrangement, dynamic braking, etc. before the production was started. The current model Tep70BS (not a very atractive name addition in English) has minor changes at least to the design.
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-> Type: Tep70
-> Usage: Heavy passenger locomotive
-> Builder: Kolomensky Zavod
-> Production dates: 1973 to current (the current model is Tep70BS,
the builder refers to Tep70 production starting in 1988)
-> Numbers built: >350 , remaining units from the original
production runs unknown
-> Gauge: 1520 mm (5 ft)
-> Users: GO Rail, Rzd, ...
-> Seen: Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Biela Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, much of the ex. Eastern Europe, Eastern Russia, Central Asia.
-> Energy Source: Diesel fuel
-> Engine: Kolomna type 2A-5D49, 4 stroke V16
-> Power output: 2942 kW (4000 Hp) at 1000 rpm
-> Nominal axle power: 600 kW (on Tep70BS)
-> Transmission: Diesel electric AC/DC
-> Traction motors: DC, ETM type ED-119, 6 x 411kW, later types ED-121A, 6 x 413 kW
-> Tractive Effort: 288 kN start / 167 kN at 48 km/h
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): 3200 kW
-> Wheel arrangement: Co-Co
-> Wheel diameter: 1220 mm
-> Minimum negotiable curve: 125 meters
-> Maximum operational speed where possible: 160 km/h (100 mph)
-> Weight: 135 metric tons +-3%
-> Axle weight max: 21,8 tons
The newer model the Tep70BS unit 001 is shown here on fair at the St Petersburg, Russia. Picture by Denis Shalyapin 2006. (The missile on top of the locomotive is NOT part of the normal equipment ;)
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Evr-ekspress (now Go Rail) Tep70 number 0203
An Evr-ekspress Tep70 number 0203 in Tallinn central in 2004. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo 2004.
RzD Tep70 number 0217
An RzD Tep 70 number 0217 in Vainikkala Finland after pulling the Sibelius train of VR-Yhtyma across the border. Pictures by Sanna Siissalo 2009.
RzD Tep70 number 0304
Another RzD Tep70 in Narva Estonia just next to the locomotive two clicks below. Picture by John McKey 2007.
RzD Tep70 number 0306
An RzD Tep 70 number 0306 on the Fenno Russian berder station of Vainikkala in the summer of 2009. The train is Finnish VR-Yhtymas Sibelius returning towards Helsinki from its daily trip to St Petersburg in Russia. Picture by John McKey 2009.
RzD Tep70 number 0398
As seen in Narva Estonia just next from the Russian border in 2007.
Reference Main Page
If you were interested in Tep70, you might find these links useful:
2Te116 (the monster double unit)...
Sources: Jane's Train recognition guide 2005, Soviet Locomotive Types, the Union Legacy, Transmashholding (the manufacturers site) on the Web, ...
Created for 4rail.net by John McKey and Hannu Peltola. Pictures adn portions of the text by Denis Shalyapin, Ilkka Siissalo, Sanna Siissalo, Stanislav Voronin and John McKey.
Also on Eastern Rolling Stock
The Tep70 heavy passenger locomotive is used in both Russian and international traffic on 5 ft domain.
The backbone of current Russian freight railroading is formed with the monstrous 2Te116, Te116 and 3te116 locomotives. These powerful locos also work regularly on international 1520mm/5ft routes.
2M62, M62 and the 3M62 in the picture created an impressive heavy diesel fleet in Soviet period of the Russia. Most units still exist, either in original condition or rebuilt.
Tep60 passenger diesel was a predecessor of the formidable Tep70 diesels. Once creating a numerous passenger fleet, many units have found their way to the museum, but you might be able to spot an unit online in countries like Latvia.
Click the pictures to see a larger version!
Another Rzd Tep70 / ???70 number 1503045 with near the Russo-Estonian (European Union) border in Narva estonia. Picture John McKey 2007.
An EVR-Ekspress colored Tep70 / ???70 number 0203 in Tallinn station. Picture Ilkka Siissalo 2004.
EVR-Ekspress name was changed to GO Rail in 2007. Reflecting the change this a new Tep70 / ???70 number 0320 was already painted into the new blue and green livery early 2007. Here seen in Tapa Estonia. Picture John McKey 2007.
More pictures of the ???70 to follow later.