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RzD electric locomotives at Moscowkaya station in St Petersbur, RussiaRzD EVS1 Velaro-Rus EMU  at Moscowkaya station in St Petersburg, Russia


General information on Railways in Russia
Welcome to the Russia Main Page on 4rail.net! Russia is definitely one of the worlds greatest railroading nations with its wast size of country and its past with railroading transporting huge amounts of resources and half finished goods. Lets see some figures:

  • The rail network is one of the largest in the world, almost 90'000 km of tracks is covering the area! 
  • About 45'000 km of this is electricified, mostly with the old 3000V DC system. However this will give way to the modern European 25kV 50Hz systems, giving chance to utillize power more effectively from the overhead wire.  
  • An incredible number of 1,3 million people work for the Russian railways RZD! 
  • Russia is building high speed networks in a number of locations sometimes as a shared track for passenger and freight traffic, sometimes as a passenger only high speed track. 
  • Russian originating rolling stock is still used widely in a couple dozen countries. While not state of the art, numerous operators find the locomotives like 2TE116, ER3, TEM2, TEM3 or TEP70 good enough for their purposes. 
  • And on the other hand Russians themselves are using and have used numerous types built outside the current Russia.


Created for 4rail.net by Stanislav Voronin and John McKey. Pictures by Stanislav Voronin, Ilkka Siissalo, Denis Shalyapin, Reto Blasi, Hannu Peltola and John McKey.


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Karelian Trains Allegro Pendolino Sm6 nr1 at Kerava, Finland
Velaro-RUS at St Petersburg Moscowskaya station, Russia

   Modernizing the Russian Railways...  


Russian High Speed Efforts

Russia is also building an determinately high speed rail on the western half of the vast country. Very interesting new trains like the Sapsan / Velaro-Rus and Allegro Pendolino traffic those lines. Sapsan is designed to withstand the extreme cold of harsh winters with temperatures down to minus 50 centigrade in the real life everyday use!

Read more on the
Russian High Speed Page...     

 

 

Russian built 2es4k double unit at the trade fair in St Petersburg, Russia
RzD Chs2 number 1041 silhouette in St Petersburg, Russia

Russian Rolling Stock Types

  Russian Electric Locomotives...  
  Russian Diesel Locomotives...  



/// Old pages
 Russian Rolling Stock Page...
 
    Russian 2Te116 Locomotives Page...  

    Russian Tep70 Locomotives Page...  


RzD ES10 prototype number 001, Russia Modernizing the Railroads
Since Russia's economy has gained momentum, the modernization of the RZD (generally known as "the Russian Railways") has finally started, first slowly, but we expect it to gain more speed given a few years. To modernize the rolling stock the RZD has created cooperation in various forms with major western builders like Bombardier, Siemens and Alstom. The mighty RZD alone invested in 2009 for about 1000 new locomotives out of shops. The production keeps ramping up with more production lines being built and more experience on building high tech rolling stock in volumes achieved. The investments of the numerous private operators on the RZD networks still significantly add to the number of the new locomotives. Siemens apperars to be the strong number one partner for the Russian manufacturers in all railroad rolling stock segments. More...
   
   
   
   
   
   
  - - - Discuss Page at trainorders.com -

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  Modernizing Russian Railways
Er2 number 1291 witha Russain skyline of new housing
Velaro-RUS EVS1 unit 08 in Moscow, Russia
Er2 number 1291 witha Russain skyline of new housing

Since Russia's economy has gained momentum, the modernization of the RZD (generally known as "the Russian Railways") has finally started, first slowly, but we expect it to gain more speed given a few years.


To modernize the rolling stock the RZD has created cooperation in various forms with major western builders like Bombardier, Siemens and Alstom. The mighty RZD alone invested in 2007 for 760 new locomotives! For the year 2008 the target was to have a respectable 940 new locomotives out of shops. Although this was not achieved, the numbers being the same as years before, the production very slowly ramping up and plans of more production lines published. By 2011 the Siemens-Sinara cooperations seemed to have taken the initiative and their production numbers of first Granit electric loco and the "Latoshka" (Desiro-RUS) EMU are convincing. Siemens is also supplying Russia with the next 8 Velaro-RUS trains shortly, the first 8 units have been an immense success story with over 90% occupancy rate!


Russia is one of the countries where there is a real competition on rails. The public sector owns the rail infrastructure and basically any one with needed resources, skills and knowledge can operate. This has created an environment of heavy investment to rail rolling stock, with tens of thousands freight cars built every year. Only locomotive resources seem to have been lagging behind until now.


An important segment on modernizing is the high speed EMUs where Russia is moving forward with determination, the start with 8 + 8 Velaro-RUS units built and maintained by Siemens is just a beginning, expect the numbers ramp up to several dozen units in the next 10 years. It is also likely, that "normal high speed" trains like Pendolinos will accompany the respectable Velaro fleet. And there will also be place for semi high speed trains like CHS200 locomotive pulled coach passenger trains.


Since Russia is a vast country rich with natural resources, we have now just seen the beginning of the railroad expansion. In the coming years there will be numerous ugrades for the system, including high speed lines, firther electrification to both 25 KV AC and 3000V DC and new lines added. We will also see more and better connections to the neigboring countries railnetworks. There will also be additions to the Transsiberian raillinks and even the constant topic that has been discussed for over a century, the Bering strait tunnel, might pop up again to the discussions, _if_ Americans see they might have use for the Siberian resources. The tunnel has been planned ever since the 19th century. The endeav our is not just aobut the tunnel, building on the permafrost melting can also be quite a project! For now the rail link is being built for Vladivostok towards Bering strait area. Meanwhile Russia is investing heavily for its connections to Europe and China.

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  Miscellaneuous




One of the train terminals in St Petersburg, the "Baltian Voksal" is a busy transfer point between different modes of people transportaton. Nearby can be found the St Petersburg large railroad museum.

Picture by Hannu Peltola.

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