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4rail.net - Electric Multiple Units in Sweden


Sweden has a great variety of EMUs. Almost all of these are referenced here with lots of info available. You can browse hundreds of pictures in Swedish EMU Gallery page too. There are also pages for the Electric Locomotives, Diesel Multiple Units and MOV Equipment. Some of these EMUs also run into Norway. Created for 4rail.net by John McKey, Ilkka Siissalo and Andreas Ehnberg. Pictures by Ilkka Siissalo, Gerry Putz, Nick Slocombe and John McKey.




Also in this section
MTAB De3 number 1219 in Kiruna Sweden
Sweden's Main Page is a great place to start browsing on the Swedish railroading.

MTAB De3 number 1219 in Kiruna Sweden
Swedish Electric Multiple Units Page describes almost all EMUs found in Sweden. This unit also belongs to Stockholm Area RR Page.

Värmlands trafik Y1 number 1295 in Kristinehamn, Sweden
Swedish Diesel Multiple Units Page covers great many DMUs all around Sweden.

MTAB De3 number 1219 in Kiruna Sweden
Swedish Electric Locomotives Page brings you majority of the electric locomotives, also the new ones.

SJ Green Cargo Td number 416in Stockholm Tomteboda
Swedish Diesel Locomotives Page has a large number of locomotives described, also the newest ones.

Swedish class Tb MOW locomotive at wrok on Malmbana, Sweden
Swedish MOV Equipment Page helps you to find the Maintenance of the Way equipment used in this large country.

The C20 of the Stockholm Underground passing a bridge in the middle of the city
Stockholm as the Swedish capital is a very lively Railroading city!

Railcare Vossloh Euro 4000 locomotive in Abisco Sweden
Wish to see a great number of Swedish railroading pictures? Swedish Railroad Gallery is a great page to follow! 

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High Speed Trains 2015

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Gröna tåget, a Bombardier high speed test train, Sweden

SJ X2000 in Valtorp, Sweden

Operators and EMU classes:
Arlanda Express: X3
MTR: X74
Norrtåget: X11 * X5X-2 * X62
NSB: Bm73b *
Skånetrafiken: X61 *
SL Classes: X60 *
SJ Classes: X40 * X55 * X2000 *
Veolia: X31 *
Östgötatrafiken: X14 * X61 *
Various operators: X31 * X50 * X51 * X52 * X53 * X54 *

Vintage EMU classes: X1 *

 3 Most Common Electric Multiple Unit Types
X-tåget 9061 in Gävle, Sweden Bombardier Regina X50 Series EMUs
Regina X50 series (X50, X51, X52, X53, X54 and X55) today is the most common Swedish electric multiple unit. It has typically a highest speed of 200 km/h (125 mph), tilt and comes with 2, 3 or 4 modules. Tilt comes handy running older lines with lots of curves as comes Regina's capability to run in even toughest winter weather. Swedish design roots for this Bombardier product clearly show. As custom, Reginas are often owned by train owner company and operated under local and reginal brands, often by a train operating company in charge.



Norrtåget X62 number 62011 in Umeå, Sweden Alstom Coradia Nordic X60 and X40 Series EMUs
Alstom X60 series started with 6 module X60 EMUs for Stockholm area. This has now expanded to popular 4 module variants X61 and X62 taken into use. SJ received also double decked regional X40 EMUs. Outwardly single level EMUs look quite alike, but there are some substantial technical and service differences. X60 series has had its kinks, but not counting the northernmost part of the country they are considered trustworthy in operation, both for local and regional needs.


Norrtåget X11 number 3167 in Umeå, Sweden ASEA X10/X11/X12 Series EMUs
Many ASEA Swedish built X10/11/12 series traditional EMUs continue in service in slightly lighter routes. Yet, as more low floored Reginas and Coradia Nordics are bought, earlier EMU types are slowly be retired.

 Arlanda Express

Arlanda Express X3 number 03 in Solna, Stockholms central, Sweden

Arlanda Express X3 number 01 at Stockholms central, Sweden

X3 (Alstom "Precoradia")
Arlanda Express was one of the first new privately owned operators. Company operates a fleet of 7 Precoradia EMUs painted with bright colors. Traffic has been very successful with extreme customer service quality focus.

Units built for Arlanda Express: 7, 1998 - 1999
Unit numbers: 1 - 7
Maximum allowed speed: 200 km/h (125 mph)
Capacity: 228 in one class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15kV 16,7 Hz, 2240 kW (3046 hp)
Usage: Stockholm Arlanda airport - Stockholm's center


  Detailed information on AE class X3...
 MTR (Mass Transit Railway)

MTR X74 at Stockholms Central, Sweden

MTR X74 at Stockholms Central, Sweden

X74 of MTR (Stadler FLIRT3 EMU)
FLIRT3 trains are newcomers in Sweden. 6 new handsomely red EMUs have been in regular traffic between Stockholm and Gothenburg since 2015.

Units built for MTR: 6, 2014 - 2015
Unit numbers: X74 001 - X74 006
Maximum allowed speed: 200 km/h (125 mph)
Capacity: 244 in one class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15kV 16,7 Hz, 4500 kW (6035 hp)
Usage
: express long distance traffic Stockholm - Gothenburg


  Detailed information on MTR class X74...
 Norrtåget
Norrtåget X62 number 62007 in Umeå, Sweden X62 (Alstom Coradia Nordic, 4 module)
Some of the newer EMUs for Norrtåget are of the Coradia Nordic family. These EMUs have been sensitive to hash Northern climate.

Units built by Alstom: 12
Unit numbers: 62001 - 62012
Maximum allowed speed: 180 km/h (87 mph)
Capacity: ~234 in one class + places in bistro
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15kV 16,7 Hz, 2000 kW (2680 hp)
Usage: Swedish Northern regional traffic


  
Detailed information on NT class X62...


Norrtåget X52-2 number 9062 in Luleå, Sweden
X52-2 (Regina, 2 module)
Well working X52-2 train sets are also part of Norrtågets leased fleet.

Units leased by Norrtåg: 3
Unit numbers: 9034, 9042, 9062
Maximum allowed speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)
Capacity: 148 seats in second class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 1590 kW (2130 hp), AC drive
Usage: Umeå, Luleå, Kiruna regional traffic


  Detailed information on class X52-2...



Norrtåget X11 number 3167 in Umeå, Sweden
X11 (ASEA regional & local train)
To cover for the winter production failures of the X62 four X11s of Skånetrafik were acquired.

Units built by ASEA: 49, 4 used by NT
Unit numbers: 3112, 3167, 3189 + 1
Maximum allowed speed: 140 km/h (112 mph)
Capacity: 178
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15kV 16,7 Hz, DC 1280 kW (1720 hp)
Usage: Swedish northern regional traffic


  Detailed information on class X11...
 NSB of Norway
NSB Bm73b at Göteborg, Sweden Bm73b of NSB
Bm73b can be found on many long distance routes including the occasional destinations from Norway to Sweden. This interestingly designed EMU of NSB seems to be very popular in front of cameras of many rail pros and railfans.

Units built: 6, built in 2001, refurbished 2015-16   
Unit numbers
: 73041/841/241/141 - 73046/846/246/146
Maximum allowed speed
: 210 km/h (130 mph)  
Electrical systems
: all 15kV 16,7 Hz, 2650 kW (3555 hp), 156 kN
Usage
: Norwegian and international passenger service


  Detailed information on class Bm73b... 
 SJ
SJ X55 unit 3755/6 in Umeå, Sweden X55-4 (Bombardier Regina)
The newest investment to the proud SJ passenger EMU fleet the X55s (SJ calls these SJ3000s) serve main routes north of Stockholm and in the West coast.

Units built by Bombardier: 20, 4 modules per train
Unit numbers: 3344 - 3763 (each module numbered)
Maximum allowed speed: 200 km/h (125 mph)
Capacity
: 240 in one class
Electrical systems: overhead electricity 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 3180 kW (4265 hp), 243 kN
Usage: SJ Intercity service


  Detailed information on SJ class X55/SJ3000...


SJ X40 number 3707 in Linköping, Sweden

X40-2 and X40-3 (Alstom Coradia, double decked)
Already a classic SJ train the X40 EMUs are regularly seen running main regional routes in middle Sweden.

Units built by Alstom: 43 + 1
Maximum allowed speed
: 200 km/h (125 mph)
Capacity: 261 / 309 in one class
Electrical systems: overhead electricity 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 1600/2400 kW (2100/3200 hp)
Usage: SJ greater volumes regional service


  Detailed information on SJ class X40...



SJ X2000 in the center of Stockholm, Sweden X2000 (ASEA modular tilting train)
X2 pulled / pushed X2000 sets are the icons for the fast intercity service in Sweden and beyond.

Units built by Bombardier: 16 2 moduled and 27 3 mod.
Unit numbers: 3301 - 3343
Maximum allowed speed: 200 km/h (125 mph)
Capacity: 153(2) / 252(3) in one class
Electrical systems: overhead electricity 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 3260 kW (4370 hp)
Usage: SJ greater volumes intercity service


  Detailed information on SJ class X2000/SJ2000...
 Skånetrafiken
Skånetrafiken X61 number 009, Lund, Sweden X61 (Alstom Coradia Nordic)
X61 and X62 are closely related, except for the top speed.

Units built by Alstom: 110, not all to Skånetrafik
Unit numbers: 001 - 067 -
Maximum allowed speed: 160 km/h (99 mph)
Capacity: 234 in one class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15kV 16,7 Hz, 2000 kW (2680 hp)
Usage: Swedish regional traffic


  Detailed information on class X61...
   
 SL, Storstockholms Lokaltrafik
SL X60 unit 57 at Stockholms Central, Stockholm, Sweden X60 (Alstom Coradia Nordic)
Large capacity Stockholm local trains that you can alsways see while visiting the city.

Units built by Alstom: 129
Unit numbers: 6001- 6129
Maximum allowed speed: 160 km/h (99 mph)
Capacity: 374 seats in one class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15kV 16,7 Hz, 3000 kW (4025 hp)
Usage: Stockholm local traffic


  Detailed information on class X60...
SL X10 unit 3115 in Solna, Stockholms Central, Stockholm, Sweden X10
Older Stockholm EMUs are of type X10. Here an active unit is seen during a rush hour in Solna.

Units built by ASEA: 52
Unit numbers in range: 3105 - 3189, 3198-3213
Maximum allowed speed: 140 km/h (87 mph)
Capacity: 180 seats in second class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15kV 16,7 Hz, 1280 kW (1715 hp)
Usage: Stockholm local traffic during rush hours


  Detailed information on class X10...
Roslagsbanan on Stockholm's Östra, Sweden X10p
On the northern edge of the Stockholm is a 65 kilometer network of narrow 891 mm gauge track. Here some unusual rolling stock can still be found. Each unit consists some of following: X10p motor coach + middle coach(es) UBp + driving trailer UBxp

Units built by ABB: 35
Unit numbers in range: 201 - 235
Maximum allowed speed: 80 km/h (50 mph)
Capacity: 72 + seats in second class
Electrical systems: overhead el. DC 1500 V, 400 kW (540 hp)
Usage: Stockholm local traffic


  Detailed information on class X10p...
   
 Tågkompaniet
   
Tågkompaniet X52-2 number 9023 in Gävle, Sweden X52-2
Well working X52-2 trains are among many X5x units of Tågkompaniet.

Units leased by Tågkompaniet: 12
Unit numbers: 9012 - 9025
Maximum allowed speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)
Capacity: 148 seats in second class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 1590 kW (2130 hp), AC drive
Usage: regional traffic around Sweden


  Detailed information on class X52-2...
Tågkompaniet X51-2 number 9014 in Örebro, Sweden X51-2
Another X50 series variant for Tågkompaniet is X51-2.

Units leased by Tågkompaniet: ?
Unit numbers: 900x -
Maximum allowed speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)
Capacity: 19 seats in 1st class, 137 in second class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 1590 kW (2130 hp), AC drive
Usage: regional traffic around Sweden


  Detailed information on class X51-2...
   
 UL of Uppsala
Upptåget X52-2 number 9051 in Uppsala, Sweden X52-2 of UL
UL of Upplands also has several X52-2 units for its traffic south, northeast and north of Uppsala.

Units built by Bombardier: unknown
Unit numbers in range: 90xx
Maximum allowed speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)
Capacity: 148 seats in second class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 1590 kW (2130 hp), AC drive
Usage: Upplands regional traffic


  Detailed information on class X52-2...
   
 Xtåget
X-tåget 9061 in Gävle, Sweden X52-2 of Xtåget
Xtåget runs mostly north of Gävle using Regina X52-3 and three module units.

Units built by Bombardier: unknown
Unit numbers in range: 9061
Maximum allowed speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)
Capacity: 148 seats in second class
Electrical systems: overhead el. 15 kV 16,7 Hz, 1590 kW (2130 hp), AC drive
Usage: Gävle regional traffic


  Detailed information on class X52-2...
   
-- Click any picture to see a larger version of it! --

X2 at Herrljunga, Sweden
Picture above: A typical silver colored X2000 train of SJ's long distance operations is seen at the Swedish countryside zooming past the photographer. Picture by Nick Slocombe.

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Arlanda Express

  Class X3 of Arlanda Express    
Arlanda Express X3 number 5 in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
Arlanda Express X3 number 01 at Stockholms central, Sweden
Arlanda Express X3 number 01 and 07 at Stockholms central, Sweden
Arlanda Express X3 under main station, Stockholm, Sweden

Arlanda Express X3 number 03 in Solna, Stockholms central, Sweden

Arlanda Express operates a fleet of 7 class X3 shuttle trains between the center of Stockholm and Arlanda international airport north of Stockholm. Trains run several times per hour during daytime on long distance tracks. Units serve airline passengers and perosonnel of the airport up to 200 km/h (125 mph).

In 2010 - 2011 all the trains were repainted and modernized to match current tastes of the airport customers. Arlanda Express has two terminals, one at the northern end of Stockholms Central station and the other under Arlanda airport. These serve customers with all they can: you can even get a massage before / after flight at the Stockholm terminal! Clearly the company is showing unusually detovation towards extereme customer service orientation.

Looking at the Arlanda Express figures the business is also very lucrative. We believe this is a result of being in the right place a the right time and having the right service attitude with well trained and managed personnel. In 2013 the SL has started practically on the same route traffic with its X60 Coradia Nordic EMUs. Despite this we believe Arlanda Express will keep its position outside the very budget oriented traveller group and commuters. The increased supply will probably also have effect that larger number of passengers will swap from rubber tires to steel wheels.

Technical details for class X3 of Arlanda Express
-> EMU type: short distance comfortable airport service EMU  
-> Builder: Alstom
-> Operated by: Arlanda Express
-> Owned by: Arlanda Express
-> Delivered to use: 1998 - 1999, refurbished in 2010 - 2011

-> Number of units built: 7
-> Units in operation: 7   
-> Unit numbers: 1 - 7 (you can see these at the unit fronts)
-> Configuration: four modules coupled together  
-- Bo'Bo'+2'2'+2'2'+Bo'Bo'  
-- X3A powered end unit - numbered x01
      - X3B electricity supply module - x01B
      - X3C service module - X01C
      - X3A powered end unit - x02

-> Capacity:
-- 190 seated passengers in one class (228 before refurbishing)    
-- room for 169 standing passengers    
-- two additional spaces for wheelchair or prams, etc.
-- typical seating 2 + 2
-- airconditioning and ventilation
-> operations area: Stockholm area - Stockholm north 
-- route has been so far between Stockholm's central station and Arlanda airport
   
-> Unit length: 93,1 meters (305'5")
-> Unit width 3,06 m (10'15/32")
-> Unit height    m ( ft)
-> Unit power:
-- 15kV 16,7 Hz: 2240 kW (3046 Hp)
-- 8 x 280 kW for each unit
-- track motors of type ECA2126  
-> Power to weight ratio: 11,6 W/kg
-> Operational max. speed: 200 km/h (125 mph)
-> Gauge: 1435 mm (4'8,5")

-> Train control: Swedish ATC  
-> Mass, metric tons: 193 metric tons   
-> Gauge: 1435 mm (normal 4' 8,5'' gauge)
-> Wheel diameter: 920 mm
-> Coupler type: Scharfenberg 
-> Multiple operations: 2 units of the same type

-> Axle weight max: ~16 tons

-> Other:

Easy recognition guide
-> 4 module white EMU with rounded bright yellow ends
-> text "Arlanda Express" printed yellow on blue on sides
-> normally seen only between Stockholm's central and Arlanda airport

-> Road numbers 1 to 7 can be seen under windshields

///

   

Arlanda Express add at Stockholms central, Sweden
Arlanda Express X3 in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden

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SL (Storstockholms Lokaltrafik)

  Class X60 of SL    
SJ X60 in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
SJ X60 in Stockholm, Sweden
SL X60 numbers 6013 and 6022 dorming during a work day, Stockholms Central, Sweden
SL X60s at Södertälje Hamn, Sweden

The class X60 is a fast accelerating and decelerating modern commuter train for mass transit in the Stockholm's local traffic. The first batch of these trains started their revenue runs in 2007 and recently these 71 units have gotten company of the additional trains to fill the capacity needs on the extension north of Stockholm.

The trains normally run in pairs in north-south axis of the city and in the near future will extend their service to Arland airport and Uppsala in the north.

Technical details for class X60 of SL
-> Builder: Alstom
-> EMU type: "Coradia Nordic" 
-> Owned and operated by: SL (Stockholm's Lokaltrafik)
-> Delivered to use: 2005 - 2008, 2010 - 2011
-> Number of units built: 71
-> Units in operation: 71   
-> Unit numbers: 6001 - 6071  
-> Configuration: six modules coupled together with Jacobs bogies   
       Bo'Bo'Bo'2'Bo'Bo'Bo'  
    
-> Capacity: 374 in one class, plus around 500 standing passengers    
-> operations area: Stockholm area  
   
-> Unit length: 107 meters ( feet)
-> Unit width    m ( ft)
-> Unit height    m ( ft)
-> Unit power:
       15kV 16,7 Hz: 3000 kW ( 4080 Hp)
       12 x 250 kW for each unit
       track motors of type A6HCA 1755C  
-> Power to weight ratio: 14,5 W/kg  
-> Operational max. speed: 160 km/h (100 mph)
    
-> Train control: Swedish  
-> Mass, metric tons: 206 metric tons   
-> Gauge: 1435 mm (normal 4' 8,5'' gauge)
-> Wheel diameter: 850 mm
-> Coupler type: Scharfenberg? 
-> Multiple operations: 2 units of the same type
    
-> Axle weight max: ~15 tons
   
-> Other:
      - units are air conditioned for both passengers and train personnel 
   
Easy recognition guide:
-> 6 module EMU with rounded pointed "Coradia" looking ends
-> SL logo in the fronts and on the sides
-> White with blue stripes and doors
-> normally seen only in Stockholm area
-> In Sweden the harsh winter conditions add requirements for the trains
         as they are often subjected to snow and ice building in their structure
         during the winter months. The ice building is especially severe around
         the bogies and brakes melt snow/ice while slowing and the water
         freezes again while stopping at the stations.

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  Class X50 of several operators  X50-1, X50-2, X50-3, X50-4  
Uppland lokaltrafik X50-2 i Uppsala The X50-1/2/3/4 form the most successful family of EMUs in Sweden. Built by Bombardier transportation the series has been sold to numerous local operators. For the manufacturer the X50 seems to be the train to make more and more advanced with time.

One of the studies was done with an EMU speed record breaking (for Sweden) unit "Green EMU" below left.
   
X51








X52
Bombardier X52a test train number 9062
Uppland lokaltrafik X50-2 i Uppsala

Technical details for class X52-2 of Transitio, Uppland Lokaltrafik, Västtrafik, and several other operators

-> Type/class: X52 (Bombardier Regina)   
-> Usage: regional and interregional fast transportation 
-> Builder: Bombardier   
-> Operators: Transitio, Upplands Lokaltrafik, Skånetrafiken, Västtrafik, ...
-> Production dates: 2001 - 2005   
-> Numbers built:  28
    - all double units

-> Seen: basically on all Swedish rail routes  
-> Number series: 90xx

-> Seats:
    - 1st class: 19
    - 2nd class: 129
    - folding seats: 23

-> Energy Source: electricity, 15kV 16,66 Hz AC
-> Engine: Adtranz xx  
-> Power output: 1590kW (2100 Hp), 4 x 265 kw + 2 x 265 kw
-> Transmission:  
-> Tractive Effort: 107 kN 
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): unknown   
-> Multiple drive: yes
-> Wheel arrangement:   
    - Double units: Bo'Bo'+2'Bo'

-> Wheel diameter: 840 mm

-> Maximum operational speed where possible: 200 km/h (124 mph) 

-> Length:  
    - Double units: 53,9 m

-> Weight: 142 metric tons (,000 lb)
-> Max. axle weight: 18,5 metric tons

-> Special:
This Regina type is very popular among the customers and due to this can be seen most anywhere in Sweden.
Västtrafik X52-2 number 9040 at Jönköping, Sweden

A Västrafik X52-2 in Jönköping
Here one of the compnys many X52 electric multiple units is seen stopping at Jönköping is Sweden.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.

X53
  Technical details for class X53-3 of Västtrafik and SJ

-> Type/class: X53-3 (3 moduled Bombardier Regina)   
-> Usage: regional and interregional fast transportation 
-> Builder: Bombardier   
-> Operators: Västtrafik, SJ
-> Production dates: 2001, UB53 middle coach in 2008   
-> Number of triple units built:  4

-> Seen: basically on Western rail routes of Sweden
-> Number series: 3262 - 3267

-> Seats: 304
    - 1st class: -
    - 2nd class: 277
    - folding seats: 27

-> Energy Source: electricity, 15kV 16,66 Hz AC
-> Engine: Adtranz xx  
-> Power output: 2120 kW ( Hp), 8 x 265 kw
-> Transmission:  
-> Tractive Effort: 143 kN 
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): unknown   
-> Multiple drive: yes
-> Wheel arrangement:   
    - Double units: Bo'Bo'+2'2'+Bo'Bo'
(note: modifications on bogies were made when units were lenthened)

-> Wheel diameter: 840 mm

-> Maximum operational speed where possible: 180 km/h ( mph) 

-> Length:  
    - Triple units: 80,5 m

-> Weight: 203 metric tons (,000 lb)
-> Max. axle weight: 18,5 metric tons

-> Special:
This Regina type is a rare one and only in use for the Västtrafik.
Västrafik X53-3Västrafik X53-3 stopping to board passengers. The part after dash signifies the number of coaches in the EMU unit.

Picture by Ilkka Siissalo.
X54
   

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SJ

  Class X55 of SJ    
SJ X55 on test drive in Linköping, Sverige

SJ X55 on test drive in Linköping, Sverige

The class X55 is the newest Regina EMU for Sweden. From early 2012 the first trains of this type will start their traffic north of Stockholm, where they replace some of the X2000 trains. The X2000 will go mainly to long distance routes south of Stockholm. Eventually a total of 20 4 car X55 trains will be delivered and SJ has an option for another 20 to be used later. While the initial speed is just 200 km/h, this can be raised to 250 km/h later. The SJ uses the marketing name SJ3000 for the new trains, while the X2000 will become the SJ2000.

The Regina train type of Bombardier has been a very successful and reliable train type in Sweden and will certainly be a good investment for the SJ too. Numerous other operators run the EMU type throughout Sweden on regional routes. Regina was also part of the super high speed trials of Sweden in 2009 - 2010.

The insides of this EMU type reflect the silvery outside of the train. Even some wood panel look is included.


Technical details for class X55 of SJ
-> Builder: Bombardier
-> EMU type: Regina  

-> Usage: interregional and long distance fast transportation 
-> Operators: SJ
-> Production dates: 2011 -    
-> Numbers built:  a few, 20 in order

-> Seen: basically on all Swedish rail routes  
-> Number series: 3344 - 3763

-> Seats:
    - 1st class:
    - 2nd class:
    - folding seats:

-> Energy Source: electricity, 15kV 16,66 Hz AC
-> Engine:  
-> Power output: 3180 kW ( Hp), 12 x kw
-> Transmission:  
-> Tractive Effort: kN 
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): unknown   
-> Multiple drive: yes
-> Wheel arrangement:   
    - Double units: Bo'Bo'+Bo'Bo'+2'2'+Bo'Bo'

-> Wheel diameter: mm

-> Maximum operational speed where possible: 200 km/h (124 mph)
    - upgradable to 250 km/h  

-> Length: 107,1 m 
-> Weight: 274 metric tons (,000 lb)
-> Max. axle weight: metric tons

-> Special:

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  Class X40 of SJ    

SJ X40 i Tomteboda i Stockholm, Sverige
SL X40s unit 3716 in Linköping, Sweden
SJ X40 number 3707 in Linköping, Sweden
SJ X40 numbers 3707 and 3316 in Linköping, Sweden

The class X40 EMUs are responsible for the SJ's regional train traffic. These EMUs may look like they were straight from the Star wars movie and the paint scheme gives you similar thoughts. Actually this Alstom Coradia Nordic series is so ugly, when you see them approaching the station, that they are actually interesting. In the strong contrast to the outer appearance is the comfortable compartmentalized inside with services. Each train has an easily accessible bathroom and a series of automats for food and drinks in the first class basement.

The X40 series comes in lengths of 2 and 3 modules. Normally you see these coupled together to for an EMU of 5 modules. The X40 EMUs are easiest to see within around 200 kilometers of the Stockholm area.

There was recently some complaints about the usage of the trains where the passengers are accustomed to sit one way; in the X40 the passengers sit facing each other causing some additional stress.

Technical details for class X40 of SJ
-> Type/class: X40 (Alstom Coradia Nordic)   
-> Usage: regional and interregional fast transportation 
-> Builder: Alstom   
-> Operators: SJ of Sweden
-> Production dates: 2004 - 2008    
-> Numbers built:  43,
    - 16 double units
    - 27 triple units
   
-> Seen: mainly on the routes from Stockholm  
-> Number series: 3300 - 3343

-> Seats:
    - Double units: 153,
    - Triple units: 252,
    - The first and second class are similarly equipped
    - Electrical outlets installed
    - Wifi-internet for travellers
    - The first floor is accessible even with a wheel chair

-> Energy Source: electricity, 15kV 16,66 Hz AC
-> Engine: Alstom 4 FXA 2854  
-> Power output: 1600kW (2175 Hp) for 2 unit train, 2400kW (3263 Hp) for 3 unit train  
-> Transmission:  
-> Tractive Effort: unknown 
-> Braking effort on traction motors (dynamic braking): unknown   
-> Multiple drive: up to 4 units in the class X40
-> Wheel arrangement:   
    - Double units: Bo'2'+2'Bo'
    - Triple units: Bo'2'+2'Bo'+2'Bo'

-> Wheel diameter: 920 mm or 780 mm depending on the source

-> Maximum operational speed where possible: 200 km/h (124 mph) 

-> Length:  
    - Double units: 55,1 m
    - Triple units: 81,5 m

-> Weight: 140/205 metric tons (,000 lb)
    - Double units: 140 metric tons
    - Triple units: 205 metric tons  

-> Special:
-- the customers are complaining about the normal toilets being so small they can't access them to do what they need to do and are forced to use the handicapped toilet instead (only 1/train unit).

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  Class X2000 of SJ    
X2000 at Herrljunga, Sweden
SJs X2000 at Uppsala sation in Sweden

Linx at Oslo



SJ X2 number 2008 at speed in Kalleryd, Sweden

The class X2 pulled X2000 EMUs are the first generation semi high speed tilting EMUs for the Swedish operator SJ. They form the backbone of the SJ passenger traffic between the largest cities and internationally to Copenhagen, Denmark. To add speed on the curved tracks trains are equipped with a tilting mechanism and are relatively trustworthy even in the harsh winter conditions. The top speed is quite modest 200 km/h, so you can not really talk about high speed EMU in this case.

Recently the class X2000 has gotten company of the new X55 EMUs on the smaller routes north of Stockholm.

Technical details for class X2000 of SJ
-> Builders: Asea Brown Boveri / Adtranz 
-> Delivered to use: 1989 - 1998      
-> Classes: 1410 - 1413
-> Operators & owners: SJ of Sweden  
-> Operating areas (technical): Sweden, Denmark, Norway   
-> Number of units: 43, locomotive + 5 or 6 trailers + driving trailer
-> Unit configurations:
      - 1410: X2K+UA2K+UA2K+UB2K+URB2K+UB2K+UB2XK
      - 1411: X2+UA2+UA2+UB2+URB2+UB2+UB2X
      - 1412: X2+UA2+UB2+URB2+UB2+UB2X
      - 1413: X2K+UA2K+UB2K+URB2K+UB2K+UB2XK
   
-> Unit numbers: To be added later    
      notes: 
       
-> Capacity:
      1 st. class: 48/96 seats 
      2 nd class: 242 seats
        
-> Operational max. speed: 200 km/h (124 mph)  
-> Unit length: m 
-> Unit height:  m 
-> Unit width:  m

-> Power source: 15 kV 16,7 Hz overhead electric
-> Unit power:
      1410 - 1413: 3260 kW (4433 Hp)
     
-> Mass, metric tons:
      1410 and 1411: 365 tons 
      1412 and 1413: 316 tons
            
-> Train control systems: Swedish, some units Danish and/or Norwegian
-> Couplers: automatic couplers 
-> Max axle weight: 18 tons   
   
-> ventilation and climate controlled environment for personnel and passengers
   
   
Easy recognition guide
   
-> Gray single story unit train with a locomotive at the other end. 
-> Tilting train structure 
->  Seen in Sweden, Denmark, occasionally in Norway.

 

The color schemes have varied during the period X2000 has been in use. The current gray was preceded with the original silver with blue stripes and white and black ends. Between Sweden and Norway the trial traffic was made with the blue and silver Linx X2000s (Lin-x = leaning-X, x being a Swedish marking for the EMU), seen on the left.


X2000 rebuilding program

The Swedish state owned operator SJ announced in the summer 2013 the modernization of the whole X2/X2000/SJ2000 fleet. The total modernization will be made because of the tougher competition environment of the Swedish passenger traffic and also because some trains have already clocked 7 million kilometers running distance. According to the operator there are 36 train sets (according to most other sources there are 43 plus one returned from China), each formed of the driving trailer, 5-6 intermediate coaches and the locomotive pushing or pulling the consist. The whole train can tilt effectively making comfort better and enabling faster travel times than would otherwise be possible. Scandinavian tracks are often curvy due to small hills landscape formations.

Total refurbishing
The SJ 2000s were taken into use from year 1990. They were refurbished internally for the first time in 2004 - 2007. However, this time the train's "heart and soul" will be redone, so SJ will in effect receive almost totally new class of trains (except for their outward appearance) for its use. The design work is going to start this year with the first refurbished SJ2000 unit to be completed in 2016 and all by year 2019. The maximum speed will still be 200 km/h / 124 mph, well under the high speed limit.

Faster, faster, ...?
Why preserve the maximum speed (at least for time being) at 200 km/h? According to company the high speed lines in Sweden will not be finished at any part for a number of years, and the curvous sections of the track will exist even after this. Besides the SJ has in their use 20 class X55 Bombardier Regina units, that were built for the 250 km/h / 155 mph speeds in mind. And the management seems to hint that true high speed train class called as SJ3000 would also be possible, competition environment allowing.


   

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Veolia

  Class X31 of Veolia    
Dsb-First Öresundtåget X31K number 4511 at Hedberg, Sweden

The X31 seems to be the EMU that keeps chancing operator. Recently being part of the DSB-First fleet these are now operated independently on Danish side by DSB, routes reaching Malmö, Sweden and on the Swedish side on West coast by Veolia. The DSB-First cooperation ended up to severe financial difficulties, thus the operator change.

Technical details for class X31
-> Builder: Adtranz and Bombardier  
-> EMU type: X31     
-> Owned and operated by: Blekingetrafiken, DSB, Hallandstrafiken,
       SJ, Skånetrafiken, Veolia,
-> Delivered to use: 1999 - 2008   
-> Number of units built: 93  
-> Units in operation: 93 
-> Unit numbers: 4301 - 4342, 4350 - 4400   
-> Configuration: Bo'Bo'+2'2'+Bo'Bo'  
    
-> Capacity: 198 seats + 31 folding seats  
   - 20 in first class
   - 178 in second class + 31
-> Seen mainly in the Western Sweden and Denmark 
   
-> Unit length: 78,9 meters ( feet)
-> Unit width    m ( ft)
-> Unit height    m ( ft)
-> Electrical feed: 15 kV 16,7 Hz
-> Unit power:
       15kV 16,7 Hz: 2300 kW (3127 Hp)
       4 x 288 kW for each unit
       track motors by Adtranz/Bombardier   
-> Power to weight ratio: 14,4  ( W/kg)
-> Operational max. speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)
    
-> Train control: Swedish and Danish     
-> Mass, metric tons: 159 metric tons   
-> Gauge: 1435 mm (normal 4' 8,5'' gauge)
-> Wheel diameter as new: 830 mm for powered, 760 mm for
       unpowered modules
-> Coupler type:  
-> Multiple operations: up to 5 similar units 
    
-> Axle weight max: max. under 18,5 tons
   
-> Other:
      - units are air conditioned for both passengers and train personnel 
      

   
Easy recognition guide:
-> 3 module EMu with striking rubber ends. 
-> number series in 4xxx 

Östgötatrafiken X61 numbers 61202 and 61203 , Mjölby, Sweden
Dsb-First Öresundtåget X32K number 4583 in Varberg, Sweden

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Östgötatrafiken

  Class X61 of Östgötatrafik and Skånetrafiken (Pågatåg)    
Östgötatrafiken X61 numbers 61202 and 61203 , Mjölby, Sweden

The X61 belong to Coradia Nordic EMU family of Alstom, which is the other large supplier of trains besides Bombardier for Sweden. The Class X61 is formed of 4 passenger modules which are permanently bound together with a common bogie. The color scheme for the Östgötatrafiken does not leave room to say "I did not notice the train", so it is likely these trains will attract a lot of commuters.


Technical details for class X61 of ÖT
-> Builders: Alstom of France  
-> Type: Coradia LIREX Nordic
-> Delivered to use: 2009 -       
-> Classes: X61
-> Operators & owners: Östgötatrafiken, Skånetrafiken  
-> Operating areas (technical): Sweden   
-> Number of units: 5 units for the Östgötatrafiken
-> Number series: 61201 - 61205
-> Unit configurations: Bo'Bo'2'Bo'Bo'
           
-> Capacity: around 210 seats (configurations vary)
        
-> Operational max. speed: 160 km/h (100 mph)  
-> Unit length: 74,3 m 
-> Unit height:  m 
-> Unit width: 3,25 m

-> Power source: 15 kV 16,7 Hz overhead electric
-> Unit power: 2000 kW, x x 250 kW ( Hp)
-> Mass, metric tons: 155
-> Power to weight ratio: 12,9 (pretty good for an EMU)
            
-> Train control systems: Swedish
-> Couplers: automatic couplers 
-> Max axle weight: 20,5 tons   
   
-> ventilation and climate controlled environment for personnel and passengers

Easy recognition guide:
   
-> Rounded ends with three lights at the top. 
-> Distinctive livery of white-red-orange.
-> Seen in Sweden.

Östgötatrafiken X61 number 61203 markings, Mjölby, Sweden
Östgötatrafiken X61 number 61203, Mjölby, Sweden
Skånetrafiken X61 number 009, Lund, Sweden Skånetrafiken X61 number 009, Lund, Sweden

Skånetrafiken Pågatåget X61 number 009 in Lund, Sweden. The operator will have ultimately a total of 64 units delivered from Alstom. These units will be used around the Southern Sweden and are operated now by Arriva (a subsidiary of DB).

 
Skånetrafiken X61 number 009, Lund, Sweden Skånetrafiken X61 number 009, Lund, Sweden

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  Class X14 of Östgötatrafik    
Östgötatrafiken X14 number 3223 , Mjölby, Sweden

Östgötatrafiken X14 number 3190 , Mjölby, Sweden

.


Technical details for class X14 of ÖT
-> Builders: Asea of Sweden  
-> Type: 2 part electric multiple unit
-> Delivered to use: 1994 - 1995       
-> Classes: X14, 2 rebuilt of class X12
-> Operators & owners: Västtrafik, Östgötatrafiken  
-> Operating areas (technical): Sweden   
-> Number of units: 18
-> Number series: 3224 - 3241 (original), 3190
-> Unit configurations: Bo'Bo'+2'2'
           
-> Capacity: around __ seats (configurations vary)
        
-> Operational max. speed: 160 km/h (100 mph)  
-> Unit length: m 
-> Unit height:  m 
-> Unit width:  m

-> Power source: 15 kV 16,7 Hz overhead electric
-> Unit power: 1280 kW, 4 x 320 kW ( Hp)
-> Mass, metric tons: 103
-> Power to weight ratio: 12,4
            
-> Train control systems: Swedish
-> Couplers: automatic couplers 
-> Max axle weight: tons   
   
-> ventilation for passengers, air conditioning for the personnel

Easy recognition guide:
   
-> Pointed wedge like ends with two lights at the top. 
-> Distinctive livery of white-red-orange.
-> Seen in Sweden.

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Class Bm73b of NSB (Norwegian Railways)

NSB Bm73b in red, Oslo, Norway
NSB Bm73b in red and Class 69 number 624, Oslo, Norway
NSB BM73 at Trollhättan Sweden

Bm73b is a handsomely designed and painted Norwegian long distance EMU that can occasionally seen in Sweden too. Each unit of the fleet has 4 modules, that can be coupled together multiunit operations within the type. One of the easiest places for spotting this train is at Oslo center station.



Technical details for class Bm73b of NSB
-> Builder: Adtranz (now part of Bombardier) 
-> EMU type: BM73B   
-> Owned and operated by: NSB, Norwegian Railways
-> Delivered to use: 2001  
-> Number of units built: 6  
-> Units in operation: 6   
-> Unit numbers: 73041/841/241/141 - 73046/846/246/146  
-> Configuration: four tilting modules coupled together  
Bo'2'2'2'2'Bo'2'Bo'  

-> Capacity: 242 seats + 3 folding seats + room for a one chair 
- 30 in NSB comfort class
- 212 in second class
- train includes as separate luggage room
- 4 toilets and one bathroom

-> operations area: Oslo in Norway to Göteborg/Gothenburg in Sweden 

-> Unit length: 106 meters ( feet)
-> Unit width    m ( ft)
-> Unit height    m ( ft)
-> Electrical feed: 15 kV 16,7 Hz
-> Unit power:
15kV 16,7 Hz: 1646 kW (3600 Hp)
6 x 441 kW for each unit
track motors of type ABB MJA250  
-> Power to weight ratio: 7,2 ( W/kg)
-> Operational max. speed: 210 km/h (130 mph)

-> Train control: Swedish and Norwegian   
-> Mass, metric tons: 227 metric tons   
-> Gauge: 1435 mm (normal 4' 8,5'' gauge)
-> Wheel diameter as new: 870 mm
-> Coupler type: Scharfenberg? 
-> Multiple operations: up to 4 similar units 

-> Axle weight max: max. under 17 tons

-> Other:
- units are air conditioned for both passengers and train personnel 
- the units BM73 are used internally in Norway and painted blue-silver


Easy recognition guide:
-> 4 module strikingly designed tilting long distance EMU with raised windshields and high nose. 
-> red base color with silver upper body, gray bogies and under structure



   

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Vintage EMU Classes of Sweden

  Class X1 of SL    
X1 of SL, Stockholm, Sweden

SL X1 number 3060, Stockholm, Sweden

The class X1 EMUs have been withdrawn just recently after serving a rush hour spare for almost a decade. One unit is spared at the railroad museum in Gävle. The appearance is (again) strikingly similar to Finnish class Sm1 and Sm2.



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